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1 August 2010 Oviposition and Development of the Tarnished Plant Bug (Heteroptera: Miridae) on Field Maize
Craig A. Abel, Gordon L. Snodgrass, Ryan Jackson, Clint Allen
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Reduced insecticide use in cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., as a consequence of the Boll Weevil Eradication Program and the broad adoption of Bt cotton, have helped make the tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois), a consistent pest of cotton each year in the mid-south. Maize, Zea mays L., has been implicated as having a role in the season-long dynamics of tarnished plant bug infestations in cotton. To date, no published information exists describing the quality of maize as a host for tarnished plant bug. No-choice field studies indicated that adult tarnished plant bug females oviposited into maize leaves, tassels, and ears. Laboratory studies showed that first-instar tarnished plant bugs could successfully develop to the adult stage when fed maize silks at the R1 growth stage, tassels before (VT) and during (R1) pollen shed, and milk stage (R3) kernels from the tip and base of the ear. The proportion of nymphs surviving to the adult stage on these tissues was often similar to that of broccoli, Brassica oleracea L. Nymphs did not develop to adults when fed V5 or R1 maize leaves. However, survival of first instars to the adult stage was improved when nymphs fed on tassels with pollen for 6 d and then moved to silks or leaves. Another field study showed that tarnished plant bugs reproduced in maize mainly during the tassel (VE and VT) and the R1–R3 ear growth stages, and a single new generation was produced in maize during these stages. The highest population recorded during the study (24 June 2005) consisted mostly of nymphs and was estimated to be 29,600/ha (12,000/acre). These studies showed that maize is a suitable host for tarnished plant bug reproduction and development, and its production plays a significant role in the population dynamics of the tarnished plant bug in the mid-south.

© 2010 Entomological Society of America
Craig A. Abel, Gordon L. Snodgrass, Ryan Jackson, and Clint Allen "Oviposition and Development of the Tarnished Plant Bug (Heteroptera: Miridae) on Field Maize," Environmental Entomology 39(4), 1085-1091, (1 August 2010).
Received: 8 January 2010; Accepted: 6 April 2010; Published: 1 August 2010

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host suitability
Lygus lineolaris
Zea mays
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