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1 December 2010 Spatial Distribution of the Cereal Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Wheat
Francis P. F. Reay-Jones
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A 2-yr study was conducted in wheat fields in South Carolina involving weekly sampling of cereal leaf beetle, Oulema melanopus (L.). In each of the six fields of this study, temporal patterns showed two distinct peaks in March and in May of adult O. melanopus. Populations decreased as wheat plants matured. In 2009, larval populations had one peak in April in between the two adult peaks. The χ2statistics for observed and Poisson predicted distributions of O. melanopus indicated nonrandom distribution for adults and larvae. In addition, the values of ID were >1 for adults and larvae in both years across sampling dates. These results indicate that the sampling distributions of both adult and larval populations of O. melanopus were aggregated. Slopes of Taylor power's law (b) and patchiness regressions (β) were significantly (P < 0.05) different than one in all cases, except for b in 2008 for adults. Across sampling dates, the distance from field border had a significant effect on adult O. melanopus in both years, but not on larval O. melanopus. Densities of adult O. melanopus were greatest at 0 m (the field edge), and decreased at 5–25 m from the field edge. The inverted distance weighted interpolation method showed considerable levels of spatial variability in densities within fields. High densities along the edge of wheat fields suggests that localized control methods in wheat may be effective in reducing migration of O. melanopus and damage in corn, Zea mays L.

©2010 Entomological Society of America
Francis P. F. Reay-Jones "Spatial Distribution of the Cereal Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Wheat," Environmental Entomology 39(6), 1943-1952, (1 December 2010).
Received: 2 March 2010; Accepted: 1 September 2010; Published: 1 December 2010

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inverted distance weighted
patchiness regression
Taylor's power law
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