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1 December 2010 Spatial Variation in Foliar Chemicals within Radish (Raphanus sativus) Plants and Their Effects on Performance of Spodoptera litura
Jitendra Yadav, Ching-Wen Tan, Shaw-Yhi Hwang
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Foliar chemicals are variable within a plant and this may affect herbivore feeding preference. This study was carried out to quantify concentrations of primary (nitrogen, water, and total nonstructural carbohydrates) and secondary substances (sinigrin) in young and old leaves of Raphanus sativus L. and to evaluate performance and survival of a generalist herbivore Spodoptera litura F. feeding on them. Forty to 50-d-old R. sativus plants were used in both foliar chemical analysis and insect performance bioassays. Leaves located on the third to the sixth node from the base of the plant were defined as old leaves and the remaining leaves (from seventh node to the plant apex) of the plant were referred as young leaves in this study. All foliar chemicals except water differed significantly between young and old leaves. Moreover, young leaves were more nutritious but much more defended, based on sinigrin content, against S. litura than old leaves. Performance and survival of S. litura were reduced on young leaves as compared with old leaves. Male and female larval duration only differed significantly on young leaves. Female larval development time was longer than male development time on young leaves, but not on older leaves. Therefore, this study revealed that defenses in young leaves have differential effects upon male and female S. litura.

© 2010 Entomological Society of America
Jitendra Yadav, Ching-Wen Tan, and Shaw-Yhi Hwang "Spatial Variation in Foliar Chemicals within Radish (Raphanus sativus) Plants and Their Effects on Performance of Spodoptera litura," Environmental Entomology 39(6), 1990-1996, (1 December 2010).
Received: 16 May 2010; Accepted: 1 August 2010; Published: 1 December 2010

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foliar chemicals
Raphanus sativus
spatial variation
Spodoptera litura
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