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1 April 2013 Host Tree Species and Burn Treatment as Determinants of Preference and Suitability for Monochamus scutellatus scutellatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)
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Abstract
After fire, the whitespotted sawyer, Monochamus scutellatus scutellatus (Say) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), is considered one of the most damaging xylophagous insects by forest industries in the eastern boreal forest of North America. Although this species is often considered opportunistic because it dwells on various stressed host trees, it can be found in very high abundance after forest fire and, consequently, it has been suspected of being a pyrophilous species or fireassociated species. The aim of this study was first to determine whether the whitespotted sawyer lays eggs preferentially on burned rather than unburned hosts, and second, to determine its preference between black spruce (Picea mariana [Mill] B.S.P.) and jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) for oviposition. Host suitability also was estimated to determine if whitespotted sawyer females make optimal choices to maximize offspring development. To determine host suitability, we used the abundance distribution of larval instars as a proxy of larval development quickness and we compared weight and head-capsule width of larvae of different larval instars as measures of insect growth in each type of log. Based on the frequency of oviposition behavior, females showed no preference for either burned or unburned black spruce logs, and both were equally suitable for larval development. Furthermore, females laid more eggs on black spruce than on jack pine, but host suitability was not statistically affected. Nevertheless, larvae had mostly reached the fourth instar on black spruce, whereas those on jack pine were mostly at the third instar, suggesting faster development on black spruce.
© 2013 Entomological Society of America
Yannick Breton, Christian Hébert, Jacques Ibarzabal, Richard Berthiaume and Éric Bauce "Host Tree Species and Burn Treatment as Determinants of Preference and Suitability for Monochamus scutellatus scutellatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)," Environmental Entomology 42(2), (1 April 2013). https://doi.org/10.1603/EN12201
Received: 9 July 2012; Accepted: 1 January 2013; Published: 1 April 2013
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