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1 June 2014 Diversity of Bacterial Symbionts in Populations of Sitobion miscanthi (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in China
T. Li, J. H. Xiao, Y. Q. Wu, D. W. Huang
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Aphids are a group of insects frequently associated with bacterial symbionts. Although Chinese aphids harbor a high level of species diversity, the associations between Chinese aphids and bacterial symbionts are less known. In this study, we uncovered the diversity of bacterial symbionts in a Chinese widespread aphid, Sitobion miscanthi (Takahashi). In this study, we detected the aphid obligate symbiont Buchnera aphidicola, and two secondary symbionts, Hamiltonella defensa and Regiella insecticola, with the diagnostic polymerase chain reaction method in S. miscanthi samples. In addition, symbiotic species of Acinetobacter, Aeromonas, Enterobacter, Pantoea, and Pseudomonas, and the family Enterobacteriaceae were also found. Geographically, sporadic occurrences were detected for H. defensa and R. insecticola. Moreover, the infection rates of them vary widely among the infected populations: H. defensa (5.26–95.2%) and R. insecticola (5.26–46.7%). Phylogenetic analyses indicated that the strain of B. aphidicola mirrored the history and divergence of S. miscanthi; however, the H. defensa and R. insecticola strains were probably experienced horizontal transmission among S. miscanthi and its distantly related species.

© 2014 Entomological Society of America
T. Li, J. H. Xiao, Y. Q. Wu, and D. W. Huang "Diversity of Bacterial Symbionts in Populations of Sitobion miscanthi (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in China," Environmental Entomology 43(3), 605-611, (1 June 2014).
Received: 12 August 2013; Accepted: 28 March 2014; Published: 1 June 2014

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bacterial symbiont
Hamiltonella defensa
Regiella insecticola
Sitobion miscanthi
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