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1 June 2014 Spatial Distribution of Grape Root Borer (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) Infestations in Virginia Vineyards and Implications for Sampling
J. P. Rijal, C. C. Brewster, J. C. Bergh
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Grape root borer, Vitacea polistiformis (Harris) (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) is a potentially destructive pest of grape vines, Vitis spp. in the eastern United States. After feeding on grape roots for ≈2 yr in Virginia, larvae pupate beneath the soil surface around the vine base. Adults emerge during July and August, leaving empty pupal exuviae on or protruding from the soil. Weekly collections of pupal exuviae from an ≈1-m-diameter weed-free zone around the base of a grid of sample vines in Virginia vineyards were conducted in July and August, 2008–2012, and their distribution was characterized using both nonspatial (dispersion) and spatial techniques. Taylor's power law showed a significant aggregation of pupal exuviae, based on data from 19 vineyard blocks. Combined use of geostatistical and Spatial Analysis by Distance IndicEs methods indicated evidence of an aggregated pupal exuviae distribution pattern in seven of the nine blocks used for those analyses. Grape root borer pupal exuviae exhibited spatial dependency within a mean distance of 8.8 m, based on the range values of best-fitted variograms. Interpolated and clustering index-based infestation distribution maps were developed to show the spatial pattern of the insect within the vineyard blocks. The temporal distribution of pupal exuviae showed that the majority of moths emerged during the 3-wk period spanning the third week of July and the first week of August. The spatial distribution of grape root borer pupal exuviae was used in combination with temporal moth emergence patterns to develop a quantitative and efficient sampling scheme to assess infestations.

© 2014 Entomological Society of America
J. P. Rijal, C. C. Brewster, and J. C. Bergh "Spatial Distribution of Grape Root Borer (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) Infestations in Virginia Vineyards and Implications for Sampling," Environmental Entomology 43(3), 716-728, (1 June 2014).
Received: 9 October 2013; Accepted: 1 March 2014; Published: 1 June 2014

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