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1 June 2014 Spectrum-Specific UV Egg Damage and Dispersal Responses in the Phytoseiid Predatory Mite Neoseiulus californicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae)
Fuyuki Tachi, Masahiro Osakabe
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Solar ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation is deleterious to plant-dwelling mites. Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) is a predominant predator of agriculturally important pest species of spider mite. However, phytoseiid mites are more vulnerable to UVB radiation than spider mites. Thus, the UVB radiation may influence decision making in foraging phytoseiid mites whether disperse or not. We tested the difference in impact and behavioral response among wavelengths of monochromatic UV radiation using a spectroscopic light source in N. californicus in the laboratory. We also examined whether the behavioral responses of N. californicus females to UV radiation varied based on the presence of prey (Tetranychus urticae Koch) eggs and residues (webs and excreta of T. urticae: foraging cue). The impact of UV radiation on the N. californicus egg hatchability varied drastically between wavelengths of ≤300 nm (0%) and ≥310 nm (100%). The N. californicus females escaped from UV radiation more quickly when they were irradiated with UV at shorter wavelength. Presence of T. urticae eggs had no effects arresting the escape of phytoseiid mites. In contrast, prey residues (including eggs) markedly detained N. californicus females from escaping under UV irradiation at ≥310 nm. However, N. californicus females quickly escaped when irradiated with UV at harmful 300 nm wavelength, regardless of prey cues. This indicates that the eyeless phytoseiid mite is capable of perceiving UV radiation, and whether escape or not is determined on the basis of harmful/harmless UV wavelength and presence/absence of foraging cues.

© 2014 Entomological Society of America
Fuyuki Tachi and Masahiro Osakabe "Spectrum-Specific UV Egg Damage and Dispersal Responses in the Phytoseiid Predatory Mite Neoseiulus californicus (Acari: Phytoseiidae)," Environmental Entomology 43(3), 787-794, (1 June 2014).
Received: 6 December 2013; Accepted: 1 February 2014; Published: 1 June 2014

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