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We report Coccocarpia filiformis as new to North America, based on 10 herbarium specimens (FH, MSC, and US) and one recent field collection. Coccocarpia filiformis has been collected in North America but misidentified since 1885. It is found in oak hammocks, scrub and cypress swamps from north Central Florida to the Panhandle, growing amongst liverworts and occasionally on other lichens. In addition, we report Coccocarpia pellita and Lecanora barkmaniana as new to North America. We report Sticta carolinensis, Bagliettoa baldensis, Nephroma helveticum and Endocarpon petrolepideum as new to the state of Florida. We also report the second collection of Coccocarpia prostrata to North America. Notes and a key to North American Coccocarpia are included, as are ecological and distribution data for other uncommon Florida lichens.
Lichens, the proverbial “canaries in the coal mine”, are useful bioindicators due to their sensitivity to environmental changes. In 2006, a protocol was developed at Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site in Nova Scotia, Canada that used lichens to monitor ecological integrity and air quality within the park; assessments are ongoing every five years. There are currently no identification tools for park staff to conduct the monitoring process that specifically target the species being assessed. Here we present tools for the identification of the 50 lichen species used in the monitoring program at Kejimkujik. A taxonomic key, photographs of each species and an illustrated glossary are presented. While these tools are intended for individuals unfamiliar with lichens, some basic training to use the key is required. Park staff can use these aids to continue the monitoring protocol at Kejimkujik independently. With some modifications the same tools could serve as a template for other monitoring initiatives in the region.
A bryophyte inventory was conducted in the Valles Caldera National Preserve (VCNP), New Mexico, from 2009 to 2011. Specimens representing 113 species of bryophytes were collected. Of those bryophytes, seven of the mosses were new to New Mexico: Atrichum tenellum (Röhling) Bruch & Schimper, Dicranum tauricum Sapjegin, Orthotrichum pallens Bridel, Sphagnum girgensohnii Russow, Tortella fragilis (Hooker & Wilson) Limpricht, Tortella tortuosa (Hedwig) Limpricht var. fragilifolia (Juratzska) Limpricht, and Warnstorfia exannulata (Hedwig) Loeske.