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1 June 2003 MONKEYS AND TOADS DEFINE AREAS OF ENDEMISM ON SULAWESI
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Abstract
Ecological or geological phenomena can impose limits on geographic diversification that cause biogeographical patterns of distantly related but sympatrically occurring taxa to be similar. Concordant patterns of diversity facilitate conservation management because strategic designation of protected areas can capture complementary rather than redundant components of variation. Here we demonstrate that on the biodiverse Indonesian island of Sulawesi, seemingly idiosyncratic distributions of diversity in endemic monkeys (Macaca species) and toads (Bufo celebensis) are actually virtually identical on a fine geographic scale. It appears that range fragmentation has generated seven multi-taxon areas of genetic endemism, each of which should be targeted for conservation. Joint consideration of molecular phylogeography, morphology, and demography helps resolve apparent contradictions in paraphyletic macaque mitochondrial DNA and in undifferentiated toad morphology, and facilitates an understanding of biogeography and conservation genetics of Sulawesi fauna.
Ben J. Evans, Jatna Supriatna, Noviar Andayani, Mohammed Iqbal Setiadi, David C. Cannatella and Don J. Melnick "MONKEYS AND TOADS DEFINE AREAS OF ENDEMISM ON SULAWESI," Evolution 57(6), (1 June 2003). https://doi.org/10.1554/02-443
Received: 29 July 2002; Accepted: 23 December 2002; Published: 1 June 2003
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