Small and relatively isolated populations that occupy fragmented habitat are at risk of local extinction. However, fitness consequences of fragmentation related to mating distance, such as inbreeding depression following increased self- and near-neighbor mating, may not follow standard expectations in species with specialized genetic systems. We investigated the effect of mating distance on progeny fitness in Calylophus serrulatus, a primarily autogamous, permanent translocation heterozygote that is restricted to prairie fragments in the North American tallgrass prairie region. We pollinated flowers by hand in the field with pollen sampled at various distances from the maternal parent within and between three populations in southeastern Minnesota. We raised the progeny in a greenhouse and measured fitness-related characters. Because their genetic system prevents loss of heterozygosity throughout much of the genome, regardless of inbreeding, permanent translocation heterozygotes are not expected to exhibit inbreeding depression. Consistent with this expectation, in no case did progeny of self matings suffer significantly reduced mean fitness compared to progeny from crosses between plants. Crosses between plants in the two closely situated (2 km) populations yielded progeny with fitness intermediate to their parents, but crosses between each of those populations and the more distant (20 km) population yielded progeny with reduced fitness, suggesting outbreeding depression at this largest spatial scale. Similarly, fitness of self-pollinated progeny and progeny from “near” crosses (<2 m) within populations tended to be higher than “mid” (10–25 m) and “far” (>35 m) cross-progeny fitness. Under the current conditions of fragmentation, it seems likely that the distant matings that produce outbreeding depression are rare. It appears that mean fitness in this species is maintained in the context of severe fragmentation of its populations, largely because of its genetic system.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 60 • No. 1