Much of sexual selection theory depends on assumptions about the genetic basis of variation in male mating success and sperm competitive ability. Despite intense interest in this topic, few genes have been identified that contribute to variation in these traits. Here we report the results of quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses of mating success of male Drosophila melanogaster when exposed to virgin females, remating success of males with previously mated females, and both defense and offense components of sperm competition. We found two to four significant QTLs for remating success, but no QTLs for mating success, even though mating success was more genetically variable than remating success in the recombinant inbred lines used in this study. By combining these results with data from previous gene-expression experiments, we were able to identify three X-linked candidate genes for variation in remating ability. For two of these genes, QTL and expression data were completely concordant with respect to directionality of effects: high mating success was associated with high levels of gene expression and with beneficial QTL effects on the trait. We found equivocal evidence for genetic variation in sperm offense and defense in the recombinant inbred lines, and we did not find any significant QTLs for either sperm competition trait.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 60 • No. 7