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1 September 2006 HETEROTERMES TENUIS (ISOPTERA: RHINOTERMITIDAE): NEW RECORD FROM VENEZUELA
José Perozo, Solange Issa
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Heterotermes Froggat (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) is a genus of subterranean termites comprising several major pest species. Heterotermes tunnel and feed on wood in contact with soil (Nickle & Collins 1992) and forage for wood above ground. This genus has been reported in the West Indies, Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, and several islands of the Caribbean (Emerson 1971; Nickle & Collins 1992; Constantino 2002; Szalanski et al. 2004). The last checklist of the termites from Venezuela (Issa 2000), the list by Snyder (1959), and Constantino (2000) reported only H. convexinotatus (Snyder) and H. crinitus (Emerson). In this note we report H. tenuis (Hagen) for the first time in Venezuela.

Samples of H. tenuis were collected from diverse localities in Venezuela. Specimens from Chaguaramas (Monagas state) were collected from wood lying on the soil and under dry bark of pine (Pinus caribaea), and had tunnels consisting of wood, sand, and clay. All samples were stored in 80% alcohol. Measurements of soldiers were performed with a stereomicroscope fitted with an ocular micrometer. The measurements included head length, head width, and pronotum width. Voucher specimens are maintained at the Laboratorio de Comportamiento of the Simón Bolívar University. The specific identifications were made with the key from Constantino (2000).

We found that H. tenuis is distributed around northeastern and southern Venezuela in several habitats (Fig. 1), and is present at different altitudes from 10 to 1100 m (Table 1). The specimens found were soldiers and workers. We found minor soldiers only in the sample from Los Cerritos (Fig. 2, Constantino 2000). The measurements for H. tenuis (n = 14 major soldiers) were 3.0 ± 0.24 mm (mean ± SD) for head length, 1.1 ± 0.03 mm for head width, and 0.8 ± 0.0001 for pronotum width. For the minor soldiers (n = 1) the measurements were 2.68, 1.08, and 0.79 mm of head length, head width, and pronotum width, respectively. This has not been collected from structures in Venezuela. Constantino (2002) reports that H. tenuis is a minor pest of structures and a major pest of agriculture in some locations in South America.

The authors thank Rudolf Scheffrahn, Fort Lauderdale Research and Educational Center, University of Florida, and Ernesto Medina, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas for review of a previous draft of the manuscript.

Summary

The termite Heterotermes tenuis (Hagen) is reported from Venezuela for the first time. Specimens were found at several localities in the country including near the coast at the north of the country, and places near Gran Sabana at the south near the Brazilian frontier. The species was collected at different altitudes and habitat.

References Cited

1.

R. Constantino 1998. Catalog of Living Termites of the New World (Insecta: Isoptera). Arquivos de Zoologia 35:135. 231. Google Scholar

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R. Constantino 2000. Key to the soldiers of South America Heterotermes with a new species from Brazil (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Insect Systematics and Evolution 31:463–471. Google Scholar

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R. Constantino 2002. The pest termites of South America: taxonomy, distribution, and status. J. Applied Entomol 126:355–365. Google Scholar

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A. Emerson 1971. Tertiary fossil species of the Rhinotermitidae (Isoptera), phylogeny of genera, and reciprocal phylogeny of associated Flagellata (Protozoa) and Staphylinidae (Coleoptera). Bull. American Mus. Natural Hist 146:243–304. Google Scholar

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S. Issa 2000. A checklist of termites from Venezuela (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae, Rhinotermitidae, Termitidae). Florida Entomol 83:379–382. Google Scholar

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D. Nickle and M. Collins . 1992. Termites of Panama (Isoptera). pp. 208-248 In D. Quintero and A. Aiello [eds.], Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica. Oxford University Press. 150 pp. Google Scholar

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T. Snyder 1959. New termites from Venezuela, with keys and list of described Venezuelan species. American Midland Naturalist 61:313–321. Google Scholar

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A. Szalanski, R. Scheffrahn, J. Austin, J.Krecek, and N-Y. Su . 2004. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Heterotermes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in the West Indies. Ann. Entomol. Soc. America 97:556–566. Google Scholar

Appendices

Fig. 1.

Distribution of Heterotemes tenuis in Venezuela.

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Fig. 2.

Ventral view of head of soldier from Heterotermes tenuis (major soldier)1, H. tenuis (minor soldier)2, and H. convexinotatus3 from Venezuela.

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Table 1.

Localities and distribution of Heterotermes tenuis.

i0015-4040-89-3-410-t01.gif
José Perozo and Solange Issa "HETEROTERMES TENUIS (ISOPTERA: RHINOTERMITIDAE): NEW RECORD FROM VENEZUELA," Florida Entomologist 89(3), 410-411, (1 September 2006). https://doi.org/10.1653/0015-4040(2006)89[410:HTIRNR]2.0.CO;2
Published: 1 September 2006
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