Open Access
Translator Disclaimer
1 June 2009 State Records, Confirmations, and Habitats of Aradidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera)from Louisiana, U.S.A.
Steven J. Taylor, Stephanie A. Gil
Author Affiliations +

The Aradidae of Louisiana are poorly known, with only 5 species reported from the state. We examined 251 adult flat bugs from Louisiana in the Louisiana State Arthropod Museum, confirming the presence of 4 species (Aradus falleni Stål, Acaricoris ignotus Harris and Drake, Notapictinus aurivilli (Bergroth), and Mezira sayi Kormilev) and adding 14 more in 4 subfamilies (Aneurinae: Aneurus fiskei Heidemann, Aneurus pygmaeus Kormilev; Aradinae: Aradus acutus Say, Aradus aequalis Say, Aradus kormilevi Heiss, Aradus ornatus Say, Aradus robustus Uhler; Carventinae: Neoproxius gypsatus (Bergroth); Mezirinae: Neuroctenus pseudonymus Bergroth, Neuroctenus simplex (Uhler), Mezira emarginata (Say), Mezira froeschneri Davidová-Vilímová et al., Mezira granulata (Say), and Mezira lobata (Say)) to the state's fauna. Habitats recorded for these species are discussed.

In America North of Mexico, 127 species of Aradidae are known (Davidová-Vilímová et al. 1996; Froeschner 1988; Kormilev & Froeschner 1987; Vásárhelyi 1994). In contrast, the flat bug fauna of Louisiana is poorly known, with only 5 species (Aradus falleni Stål, Aradus quadrilineatus Say, Acaricoris ignotus Harris and Drake, Notapictinus aurivilli (Bergroth), and Mezira sayi Kormilev) reported before the present study (Davidová-Vilímová et al. 1996; Froeschner 1988). Herein, we report new state records and confirmations of flat bugs from Louisiana on the basis of an examination of material collected from 21 parishes (Fig. 1).


We examined 251 adult specimens housed in the Louisiana State Arthropod Museum (LSAM), all of which were identified by the senior author. Abbreviated terms in specimen data are indicated in brackets at first usage.


Subfamily Aneurinae Douglas and Scott, 1865 Aneurus Curtis, 1825

The review of north and central American Aneurus species by Kormilev (1968) has been superseded by that of Picchi (1977), which stands as the definitive work for this genus in North America, and provides keys to species.

Aneurus fiskei Heidemann

Aneurus fiskei occurs throughout much of eastern North America from Michigan and Connecticut south to Georgia, Texas and Mexico (Froeschner 1988; Picchi 1977). Its occurrence in Louisiana is not unexpected.

EAST BATON ROUGE Parish: Baton Rouge [BR], Place Du Plantier Apts., Yellow sticky board trap in Cypress tree, 18-IV-1986, E. G. Riley (1 ♀); BR, at mercury vapor and black light [MV & BL], 8-V-1987, D. A. Rider (1 ♀); BR, under bark of dead limb, 26-I-1991, M. S. Strother (1 ♀); BR, on pecan trunk, 14-X-1979, Andeab Berhane (2 ♀, 1 ♂).

Fig. 1.

Map of Louisiana, showing 21 parishes from which we report Aradidae in the present study. Parish: A-Calcasieu, B-Catahoula, C-Caddo, D- East Baton Rouge, E-East Feliciana, F-Franklin, G-Grant, H-Iberville, I-Jackson, J-Lafayette, K-Lincoln L-Livingston, M-Natchitoches, N-Orleans, O-Pointe Coupee, P-Rapides, Q-St. James, R-St. Landry, S-St. Martin, T-West Feliciana, U-Webster. U. S. EPA level III ecoregions adapted from Daigle et al. (2006).


Aneurus pygmaeus Kormilev

Aneurus pygmaeus has a southern distribution, having been reported from Georgia and Florida to Texas, from Arkansas, and also from California (Froeschner 1988; Picchi 1977; Taylor & McPherson 1989a), but it has not previously been reported from Louisiana.

NATCHITOCHES Parish: Kisatchie National Forest [KNF], 31°28′59″N 93°04′28″W, barking tree, 5-IV-2003, A. Cline (1 ♀, 1 ♂).

Subfamily Aradinae Amyot and Serville, 1843 Aradus Fabricius, 1803

This large genus is represented in North America north of Mexico by 84 species (Froeschner 1988; Vásárhelyi 1994). Parshley's (1921) monograph is still the definitive work and useful for identifications, although more than 20 new species have been described from the region since that time. An adult male collected from a pitfall trap at Palustris Experiment Station (Evangeline Parish) is not included here as it requires further study, and may represent a new species near Aradus inornatus Uhler and Aradus blaisdelli Van Duzee.

Aradus acutus Say

Aradus acutus is a common, widespread species reported from Alaska and Maine south to California, Texas, and Florida (Froeschner 1988; Parshley 1921; Matsuda 1977), but it has not been previously reported from Louisiana.

CADDO Parish: 14-III-1944, R. L. Stone (292 ,2 ♂ ♂); LINCOLN Parish: Ruston, 26-IV-1941, W. W. Wirth (1 ♀); WEBSTER Parish: Shongaloo, 23-XII-1939, Newsom (5 ♀ ♀, 2 ♂ ♂).

Aradus aequalis Say

Aradus aequalis is relatively infrequently collected, but occurs from Maine, Quebec, and Ontario south to Illinois and Virginia. It also has been reported from Texas (Froeschner 1988; Parshley 1921; Matsuda 1977). Its occurrence in Louisiana constitutes a significant range extension into the southeastern United States, and the coloration of this specimen deviates slightly from the descriptions given by Say (1832) and Parshley (1921). Parshley (1921) gives the coloration of this species as “Brown; broad lateral margins and posterior region of pronotum, margins of scutellum at middle, basal expansions of corium and neighboring veins, posterior margins of connexival segments, and inner margins of genital lobes, yellowish; membrane with irregularly reticulate pale markings; legs yellow, femora and tibiae with broad brown band at middle.” The Louisiana specimen has little if any yellow on the pronotum, and only the apical third of the scutellum is yellowish, not the margins of the scutellum at the middle. The brown bands on the tibiae and femora indicated by Parshley (1921) are quite faint.

WEST FELICIANA Parish: Feliciana Preserve 6 mi. ESE of St. Francisville, 30°47′N 91°15′W, flight intercept trap, 10-30-III-1996, D. Pashley (1 ♀).

Aradus falleni Stål

Aradus falleni is the most widespread aradid species in the Western Hemisphere. It occurs from British Columbia and Connecticut, throughout much of the United States and into Mexico and Brazil (Froeschner 1988; Parshley 1921). We confirm its presence in Louisiana with these records.

NATCHITOCHES Parish: KNF, Red Dirt Wildlife Management Area [WMA], MV & BL, 23-VI-1990, V. L. Moseley (1 ♀); KNF, 2 mi. E Red Bluff Cgd, MV & BL, 17-18-VI-1988, C. B. Barr (1 ♀).

Aradus kormilevi Heiss

Aradus kormilevi is widespread in North America, ranging from British Columbia and New Brunswick south to California, Texas, and Florida (Froeschner 1988; Heiss 1980), but has not previously been reported from Louisiana. Three Louisiana specimens, 2 brachypterous females and 1 macropterous male, reside in the Louisiana State Arthropod Museum. This species, along with Aradus antennalis Parshley which occurs in the western United States and Canada, is unusual among the North American Aradus species in that it is thought to feed on living pines, whereas the remaining 82 species occur on dead trees and are thought to be mycetophagous (Usinger & Matsuda 1959).

EAST BATON ROUGE Parish: BR, under bark, 24-IX-1976, M. T. Smith (1 ♀); BR, LSU Campus, 30°24′49″N 91°10′47″W, sweeping vegetation, 24-III-2005, D. Bustamante (1 ♂); NATCHITOCHES Parish: KNF, Red Dirt WMA, 19–20-IV-1985, E. G. Riley (1 ♀).

Aradus ornatus Say

Aradus ornatus is reported from Indiana to Pennsylvania, south to Virginia (Parshley 1921), as well as New York (Drake 1923) and Georgia (Froeschner 1988). Emergence traps captured 24 adults (11 ♀ ♀, 13 ♂ ♂) of this distinctive but uncommonly collected species in 2 areas of West Feliciana Parish from 17 samples of dead woody debris (limbs) with obvious signs of decay, collected from the ground, with samples comprised either of 1–2.5 inch diameter limbs probably dead for more than 1 year, or of 2.5- to 10-inch diameter limbs with loose bark and fungal staining but still structurally sound (Mike Ferro, personal communication, Jan 2008). Blatchley (1926) reports 1 male of this species “taken from beneath bark of an oak log” in Indiana. This is the first record of A. ornatus from Louisiana, and the second from the southeastern United States.

WEST FELICIANA Parish: Feliciana Preserve: 30°47.607′N 91°15.272′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LN14A-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♀); 30°46.647′N 91°15.210′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LN22A-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♀, 1 ♂); 30°46.647′N 91°15.210′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LN22C-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♂); 30°46.647′N 91°15.210′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LN23A-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♀); 30°47.760′N 91°15.356′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LN32A-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (2 ♂ ♂); 30°47.760′N W91°15.356′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LN32C-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♀); Tunica Hills WMA: 30°56.261′N 91°30.522′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LP11A-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♀); 30°56.261′N 91°30.522′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LP12A-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♂); 30°56.261′N 91°30.522′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LP14B-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♀); 30°55.826′N 91°31.260′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LP22A-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♂); 30°55.826′N 91°31.260′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LP22B-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♂); 30°55.826′N 91°31.260′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LP24A-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♂); 30°55.826′N 91°31.260′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LP24C-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (4 ♀ ♀, 2 ♂ ♂); 30°59.702′N 91°32.716′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LP31B-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♂); 30°59.702′N 91°32.716′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LP32B-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♂); 30°59.702′N 91°32.716′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LP33C-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♂); 30°59.702′N 91°32.716′W, 25-III to 22-IV-2007, LP34B-CWD Rear 1, M. Ferro (1 ♀).

Aradus robustus Uhler

Aradus robustus occurs from Maine, Ontario, and Nebraska south to Texas and Florida (Froechner 1988; Leschen & Taylor 1987; Parshley 1921), and is one of the most commonly collected Aradus species in North America. Parshley (1921) designated a new variety of this species, which is treated by Kormilev & Froeschner (1987) and Froeschner (1988) as a subspecies, Aradus robustus insignis Parshley, 1921, in accordance with the 1985 International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. However, Parshley (1921) noted that A. r. insignis was a color variant of “no geographical significance.” Although some of the Louisiana material has the reddish-brown abdomen characteristic of A. r. insignis, we have refrained from using the subspecific designation because these animals need further study to clarify the taxonomic relevance of the observed variation. This is the first published record for A. robustus in Louisiana, but it's presence is not unexpected.

EAST BATON ROUGE Parish: BR, 29-I-1977, D. W. Brown (1 ♀); EAST FELICIANA Parish: 3-VI-1979, C. B. Barr (1 ♂); FRANKLIN Parish: Macon Ridge Res. Sta., Flight intercept trap, 21-III-2003, R. H. Gable, (1 ♀); IBERVILLE Parish: St. Gabriel, in dead log, 11-IV-1991, M. S. Strother,(1 ♀, 2 ♂ ♂).

Subfamily Carventinae Usinger, 1950

Of the 39 genera (Kormilev & Froeschner 1987; Grillo Ravelo 1988) of Carventinae only 2 are known to occur in North America north of Mexico (Acaricoris, Neoproxius). In contrast to the other subfamilies, for which most genera are typically encountered under bark or in flight or light traps, nearly all of Carventinae in the United States for which habitat data are recorded have been collected from Berlese or litter samples (Taylor & Lewis 1989; Taylor & McPherson 1989b, and see below). A key to the apterous Aradidae of North and South America is provided by Drake & Kormilev (1958), and to the genera of neotropical Carventinae is provided by Kormilev & Doesburg (1977) and by Grillo Ravelo (1988).

Acaricoris Harris and Drake, 1944

This is an entirely wingless genus whose members occur primarily in the tropical and subtropical Americas, with only 2 species, Acaricoris floridus Drake and A. ignotus occurring north of Mexico (Harris & Drake 1944; Drake 1957).

Acaricoris ignotus Harris and Drake

Acaricoris ignotus occurs from Texas and Arkansas to Georgia and Florida (Froeschner 1988; Taylor & Lewis 1989; Taylor & McPherson 1989b). It previously has been reported from Louisiana (Drake & Kormilev 1958), and additional records are provided here.

WEST FELICIANA Parish: 30°47′N 91°15′W, mixed pine hdwd Berlese, [no date], J. L. Fassbender (1 ♀); Tunica Hills WMA, 30°56′32″N 91°29′75″W, Berlese, 1-II-2003, S. A. Gil, B. W Collier, A. M. Sanchez (1 ♀).

Neoproxius Usinger and Matsuda, 1959

Usinger & Matsuda's (1959) subgenus Neoproxius was elevated to generic status by Kormilev & Froeschner (1987). This genus is distributed across South and Central America, with only 2 species in America north of Mexico: Neoproxius schwarzii (Heidemann), which is known from Cuba (Grillo Ravelo 1988) and Tampa, Florida, and Neoproxius gypsatus (Bergroth). The 2 North American species are keyed by Blatchley (1926), while Usinger & Matsuda (1959) key 4, and Kormilev (1982b) keys 11 of the 13 Neoproxius species listed by Kormilev & Froeschner (1987).

Neoproxius gypsatus (Bergroth)

Neoproxius gypsatus is known from Florida, Panama, and Venezuela (Blatchley 1926; Froeschner 1988; Taylor & McPherson 1989b). The occurrence of N. gypsatus in Louisiana is a notable range extension to the west, and suggests that the species ought to be encountered in Mississippi and Alabama.

EAST BATON ROUGE Parish: 5-IV-1979, C. B. Barr (1 ♀); WEST FELICIANA Parish: Feliciana Preserve 6 mi. ESE of St. Francisville, 30°47′N 91°15′W, litter sample from ravine, 18-XI-1995, C. Carlton (4 ♀ ♀, 3 ♂ ♂).

Subfamily Mezirinae Oshanin, 1908

Five genera of Mezirinae occur in America north of Mexico, 3 of which are reported here. The remaining 2 genera are each represented by a single species in the United States: Aphleboderrhis pubescens (Walker) 1873 is reported from Texas and South America (Froeschner 1988), and Nannium pusio Heidemann 1909 is known only from Ohio. A specimen from Feliciana Preserve, West Feliciana Parish, may represent an undescribed species, and is not included here.

Neuroctenus Feiber, 1860

Six species of Neuroctenus occur in America north of Mexico. Four of them are keyed by Blatchley (1926) and Torre-Beuno (1939), and a key to 5 species is provided by Kormilev (1982a). Vásárhelyi (1994) was apparently unaware of Kormilev's (1982a) key when he described Neuroctenus unistellatus Vásárhelyi from central Texas.

Neuroctenus pseudonymus Bergroth

Neuroctenus pseudonymus Bergroth is reported from Indiana and the District of Columbia southwest to Texas and Tennessee (Froeschner 1988). Its occurrence in Louisiana represents a southeastern range extension. It is distinguished by the large, rounded paratergites of the female (Kormilev 1982a) and the distinct transverse ridge on connexivum VII of the males.

WEST FELICIANA Parish: Tunica, 8-IV-1977, M. L. Israel (1 ♀).; Tunica Hills W of Weyanoke, MV & BL, 18-V-1985, C. B. Barr (1 ♂); Tunica Hills W of Weyanoke T1S R4W, on dead log Quercus nigra, 8-V-1986, J. E. Barr (1 ♂); 30°55′N 91°30′W, hardwood Berlese, 18-V-1999, J. L. Fassbender(1 ♀).

Neuroctenus simplex (Uhler)

Neuroctenus simplex is the most widespread and common of the North American Neuroctenus species, occurring from Montana and Maine south to Texas, Florida, and Cuba (Froeschner 1988). Neuroctenus unistellatus is closely related to N. simplex (Vásárhelyi 1994), and the ranges of these 2 species in North America need reevaluation. Neuroctenus simplex appears to be common and widespread in Louisiana.

CADDO Parish: 14-III-1948, R. L. Stone (1 ♂); Shreveport, on rotting log, 12-II-1991, V. L. Moseley (1 ♀); CALCASIEU Parish: Charles City [=Lake Charles], 14-IX-1993, W. W. Wirth (1 ♂); EAST BATON ROUGE Parish: BR, 23-I-1983, D. A. Rider (5 ♀ ♀, 3 ♂ ♂); BR, 22-II-1976, D. W Ragsdale (1 ♀, 1 ♂); BR, Oak Log, 30-XI-1978, W. E. Blust (1 ♀, 2 ♂ ♂); GRANT Parish: Gray Branch, SW of Breezy Hill off Hwy. 123, under bark, 28-VII-1982, C. B. Barr (1 ♂); WEBSTER Parish: Shongaloo, 23-XII-1939, Newsom (1 ♂); WEST FELICIANA Parish: Tunica Hills W of Weyanoke, T1S R4W, at night on dead log Quercus nigra, 8-V-1986, J. E. Barr (1 ♀, 1 ♂).

Notapictinus Usinger and Matsuda, 1959

This genus comprises 40 species, occurring primarily in South and Central America (Kormilev & Froeschner 1987). Only N. aurivilli occurs in the United States.

Notapictinus aurivilli (Bergroth)

Notapictinus aurivilli has been reported from Florida, Georgia, and Bayou Sara (West Feliciana Parish), Louisiana (Blatchley 1926; Froeschner 1988; Taylor & McPherson 1989b). Here we provide 1 new parish record for Louisiana.

ST. LANDRY Parish: 2-XI-1971, D. C. Herzog (1 ♀, 1 ♂); WEST FELICIANA Parish: Feliciana Preserve 6 mi. ESE of St. Francisville, 30°45′N 91°16′W, Berlese, 6-III-1996, C. Carlton (1 ♂).

Mezira Amyot and Serville, 1843

Ten species of this large genus (more than 160 species) are known from America north of Mexico. Blatchley (1926) keys 4 species from the eastern United States. Seven of the United States species of Mezira are keyed by Usinger (1936) and Torre Bueno (1939). Kormilev's (1971) key to 89 New World Mezira species includes 6 from America north of Mexico. Kormilev (1982c) keyed 3 and Davidová-Vilímovà et al. (1996) keyed 4 small Mezira species. However, the 3 relatively recent descriptions (Mezira smithi Kormilev, Mezira froescheneri Davidová-Vilímová et al. 1996, and M. sayi) make previous distributional information questionable, especially for the 4 smaller Mezira species.

Mezira emarginata (Say)

Mezira emarginata has been recorded from 9 states, from North Carolina and Florida west to Nevada and California, as well as Mexico (Froeschner 1988), but it has not previously been reported from Louisiana. It's occurrence in Louisiana is not unexpected.

CADDO Parish: 4-I-1948, R. L. Stone (1 ♀, 2 ♂ ♂); EAST BATON ROUGE Parish: Baker, 30-VIII-1934, H. M. Harris (499); BR, 29-I-1977, D. W. Brown (5 ♀ ♀, 5 ♂ ♂); BR, 5-XII-1982, D. A. Rider (14 ♀ ♀, 6 ♂ ♂); BR, in house, 10-III-1927, O. W Rosewall (1 ♀); IBERVILLE Parish: St. Gabriel Res. Farm, under bark of dead sugar-berry Celtis laevigata Wild., 11-IV-1991, V. Moseley and M. S. Strother (1 ♀,2 ♂ ♂); ORLEANS Parish: New Orleans, LA Nature Center,, 25-IV to 4-V-1984, C. B. Barr (1 ♀); ST. JAMES Parish: 18-IV-1972, (1 ♀); ST. LANDRY Parish: duff, 25-III-1980, L. D. Newsom (1 ♀).

Mezira froeschneri Davidová-Vilímová, Taylor and McPherson

Mezira froeschneri was described from specimens collected via Berlese sampling of hardwood litter in northern Florida (Davidová-Vilímová et al. 1996), the single specimen recorded here adds a second state to the species distribution, and its occurrence in a pitfall traps is also suggestive of a ground-dwelling, probably leaf litter, habitat. Based on this new record, it also should be found in Mississippi and Alabama.

WEST FELICIANA Parish: 15 mi. E. St. Francisville, Feliciana Preserve, pitfall trap, 2-VI-1995, D. Colby and D. Landau (1 ♀).

Mezira granulata (Say)

Mezira granulata has been widely reported from 15 primarily eastern states and Mexico, and occurs from Maryland and Florida west to Illinois and Texas, as well as Arizona and Mexico (Davidová-Vilímová et al. 1996; Froeschner 1988; Taylor & McPherson 1989a). Further evaluation of M. granulata's range since the description of M. froeschneri is warranted. Although its occurrence in Louisiana is not unexpected, it is somewhat surprising that only 1 specimen from the state is present in the LSAM, given that the species occurs in Florida and Arkansas (Davidová-Vilímová et al. 1996; Taylor & McPherson 1989a).

CATAHOULA Parish: Sicily Island Hills WMA, 7-V-1987, C. B. Barr (1 ♀).

Mezira lobata (Say)

Mezira lobata occurs primarily in eastern North America, from New York and Florida west to Illinois, Missouri, and Texas, as well as California, Canada, and Mexico (Froeschner 1988). This is the first record of M. lobata from Louisiana.

EAST BATON ROUGE Parish: BR, 29-I-1977, D. W. Brown (3 ♀ ♀, 1 ♂); BR, oak log, 30-XI-1978, W E. Blust (1 ♀); BR, Mississippi R. levee, under bark, 31-VIII-1996, T. Clarke (2 ♂ ♂); 1.2 mi S of Central on LA Hwy. 3034, C. B. Barr (1 ♂); Ben Hur Res. Farm, dead log, 12-III-1999, R. Costello (1 ♀); Bluebonnet Swamp, under bark, 20-IV-2005, J. Hamm & S. Tewari (222); Zachary, Sunshine Rd., under bark, 13-XI-1992, J. T. McBride (1 ♀, 5 ♂ ♂); IBERVILLE Parish: St. Gabriel, in dead log, 11-IV-1991, M. S. Strother (3 ♀ ♀, 2 ♂ ♂); St. Gabriel, sweeping vegetation, 16-IV-2005, L. Eisenberg (1 2); LAFAYETTE Parish: Lafayette, 28-III-1967, D. A. Neal (1 ♀); LIVINGSTON Parish: Hogbranch Crk at US 190, 30-I-1983, D. A. Rider (3 ♀ ♀, 3 ♂ ♂); ORLEANS Parish: 12-III-1982, G. L. Stone (1 ♀); POINTE COUPEE Parish: 18-IV-1975, D. F. Clower (1 ♀); RAPIDES Parish: Camp Beauregard, “@ large,” 12-IX-2004, E. Ott (1 ♂); WEST FELICIANA Parish: Elm Park, 24-IV-1966 (1 ♀); Feliciana Preserve 6 mi. ESE of St. Francisville, 30°47′N 91°16′W, flight intercept trap, 1-10-IV-1996, C. Carlton (19); Feliciana Preserve, 30°47′N 91°16′W, 9-10-IV-2005, ENTM 4005 Class (1 ♀).

Mezira sayi Kormilev

Mezira sayi has been reported from 10 states, from North Carolina and Florida west to Illinois and Texas (Davidová-Vilímová et al. 1996; Froeschner 1988; Taylor & McPherson 1989a), and was reported from Louisiana by Davidová-Vilímová et al. (1996) without specific locality data. Here, we reexamine the same, and additional, material, providing distribution data. This is the most commonly encountered of the small Mezira species in the state. It is most often found under the bark.

CALCASIEU Parish: Sam Houston St. Pk., 30°19′N 93°16′W, sifting, 11-II-2003, A. R. Cline and S. T. Dash (1 ♀, 1 ♂); CATAHOULA Parish: Sicily Island Hills WMA, 7-V-1987, C. B. Barr (7 ♀ ♀, 8 ♂ ♂); EAST BATON ROUGE Parish: Place Du Plantier Apts., flight trap, 15-III-1984, E. G. Riley (1 ♀); BR, 5-III-1991, M. Sean Strother (2 ♀ ♀, 1 ♂); Bluebonnet Swamp, under bark, 4-II-2001, J. E. Light (5 ♂ ♂); Bluebonnet Swamp, sweeping, 12-IV-2005, P. Jayasimha (1 ♂); Greenwell Springs, 30°29′44″N, 90°59′34″W, under bark, 4-II-2001, S. A. Gil (4 ♀ ♀ 4 ♂ ♂); Zachary, Sunshine Rd., under bark, 13-XI-1992, J. T. McBride (2 ♀ ♀, 2 ♂ ♂); FRANKLIN Parish: N.E. Research Sta. Winnsboro, sweeping soybean, 23-IX-1994, C. F. Grymes and D. E. Fairbanks (1 ♀); IBERVILLE Parish: St. Gabriel, near river road, under bark, 13-IX-1996, J. Adamczyk (1 ♂); JACKSON Parish: Schoolhouse Spring, R1W T17 NNE Sec. 12, 6 mi. N Eros 14–15-IV-1988, C. B. Barr (1 ♂); ST. LANDRY Parish: 5 mi E. of Washington on Hwy 103, on dead log, 3-XI-1990, V. L. Moseley (4 ♀ ♀, 3 ♂ ♂); under bark, 3-XI-1990, M. S. Hicks (1 ♂); ST. MARTIN Parish: 4 mi. S. of Belle River, sticky trap in swamp, 13-X-1994, D. A. Duerr II (1 ♂); WEST FELICIANA Parish: Feliciana Preserve 6 mi. ESE of St. Francisville, 30°47′N 91°15′W, flight intercept trap, 10-30-III-1996, D. Pashley (2 ♂ ♂); Feliciana Preserve, 15 mi. East of St. Francisville, under bark, 28-IX-1996, G. Turano (1 ♀); Feliciana Preserve, 30°47′N 91°15′W, 9–10-IV-2005, ENTM 4005 Class (1 ♀); Tunica Hills .5 mi W of Weyanoke, MV & BL, 15-VIII-1986, C. B. Barr (1 ♂); Tunica Hills W of Weyanoke, T1S R4W, collected under bark, 3-V-1985, C. B. Barr (2 ♂ ♂); Tunica Hills W of Weyanoke, T1S R4W, on dead log Quercus nigra, 8-V-1986, J. E. Barr (6 ♀ ♀, 5 ♂ ♂); Tunica Hills area, under bark, 28-IX-1996, G. Turano (1 ♀).

Habitat Associations

Usinger & Matsuda (1959, pp. 35–42) summarized the literature on habitat data for Aradidae, including host tree records and flight records. Subsequent work on the North American aradid fauna has resulted in very modest additions to this information (Deyrup & Mosley 2004; Taylor & Lewis 1989; Taylor & McPherson 1989a,b; McPherson & Weber 1981). Some additional information can be gleaned from the material examined in this study. For all taxa combined, nearly half of the specimens examined (47% or 119 individuals) had no habitat data whatsoever on the specimen labels, while the remaining 52% (132 specimens) had some minimal habitat data. For specimens with habitat data, 59% (78 specimens) were associated with trees. Half (39) of these were found under bark: A. fiskei (1), A. pygmaeus (2), M. emarginata (3), M. lobata (10), and M. sayi (23), and this is where Aradidae are most frequently encountered in temperate North America. The remaining specimens associated with trees were mostly recorded from in, on, or under dead wood—descriptions that likely include subcortical collections. These include A. robustus (3), M. lobata (7), M. sayi (18), N. pseudonymus (1), and N. simplex (6). With the exception of M. emarginata, all of these species previously have been recorded from under bark or in association with dead wood (Leschen & Taylor (1987):A. robustus; Picchi (1977): A. pygmaeus; Taylor & McPherson (1989a): M. lobata, M. sayi, N. simplex; Taylor & McPherson (1989b): M. sayi; summarized in Usinger & Matsuda (1959): A. fiskei, M. lobata, N. pseudonymous, and N. simplex)).

Of the remaining records with habitat data, 4 specimens were obtained by sweeping: A. kormilevi (sweeping vegetation [1]), M. lobata (sweeping vegetation [1]), and M. sayi (sweeping [1], sweeping soybean [1]). Two specimens were collected from sticky traps: A. fiskei (yellow sticky board trap in cypress tree [1]), M. sayi (sticky trap in swamp [1]). Davidová-Vilímová et al. (1996) also report M. sayi from a sticky trap in Georgia, and Picchi (1977) recorded A. fiskei in flight in the District of Columbia. Three specimens were taken in pitfall traps, including 2, an Aradus sp. and an apterous Carventinae, which may be undescribed species, while the third, M. froeschneri, is otherwise known only from Berlese litter samples in northern Florida (Davidová-Vilímová et al. 1996). Specimens from habitats given as “Berlese,” “duff,” “sifting,” and “litter sample” included A. ignotus [2], N. gypsatus [7], N. pseudonymus [1], N. aurivilli [1], M. emarginata [1], and M. sayi [2], and these litter habitats are probably very important at least for A. ignotus, which was also recorded from similar habitat by Taylor & Lewis (1989) and for N. aurivilli and N. gypsatus, which were both reported from Berlese litter samples by Taylor & McPherson (1989b). Aradus ornatus is notable in that all 24 specimens (18% of the 132 specimens with habitat data) were recovered by emergence traps to collect them from fallen, decaying twigs and limbs. Two species were collected from flight traps, including A. robustus (flight intercept trap [1]), and M. sayi (flight trap [1], flight intercept trap [2]). Finally, 2 species were captured at lights: A. fiskei (at mercury vapor and black light [1]) and M. emarginata (black light trap [1]).




Distribution of Collections

We have documented 14 new state records and confirmed 4 of the 5 species of Aradidae previously reported from Louisiana (Table 1). This material includes the first record of the subfamily Aneurinae, and first records for the genera Aneurus, Neuroctenus, and Neoproxius from the state. Specimens are recorded from 21 parishes, only about one third of the 64 parishes in Louisiana. Sampling in parishes in direct contact with the Gulf of Mexico largely has not been done. Coverage of ecoregions (Daigle et al. 2006) is fairly good in the upper two thirds of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, the South Central Plains, and the Mississippi Valley Loess Plains (Fig. 1). Few records are reported from the Western Gulf Coastal Plain, and none come from either the South Central or Southeastern plains. We suspect that additional species of Aradidae should be found in the state, especially with focus on under-sampled regions and habits, especially leaf litter.


We thank Victoria M. Bayless and Christopher E. Carlton (Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge) for facilitating SJT's visit to the Louisiana State Arthropod Museum and for the loan of material. Mike Ferro graciously provided specific habitat data for A. ornatus.



W. S. Blatchley 1926. Heteroptera or True Bugs of Eastern North America, with Especial Reference to the Faunas of Indiana and Florida. Nature Publ. Co., Indianapolis, IN. 1116 pp. Google Scholar


J. J. Daigle , G. E. Griffith , J. M. Omernik , P. L. Faulkner , R. P. Mcculloh , L. R. Handley , L. M. Smith , and S. S. Chapman 2006. Ecoregions of Louisiana, [color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs] U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia (map scale 1:1,000,000). Google Scholar


J. Davidová-VILímová , S. J. taylor , and J. E. Mcpherson 1996. A new species of Mezira (Heteroptera: Aradidae) from the southeastern United States. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Washington 98: 630–639. Google Scholar


M. Deyrup , and J. G. Mosley 2004. Natural history of the flat bug Aradus gracilicornis in fire-killed pines (Heteroptera: Aradidae). Florida Entomol. 87: 79–81. Google Scholar


C. J. Drake 1923. Heteroptera in the Vicinity of Cranberry Lake. Tech. Publ. New York St. Coll. For. 22: 54–86. Google Scholar


C. J. Drake 1957. New apterous Aradidae (Hemiptera). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 70: 35–40. Google Scholar


C. J. Drake , and N. A. Kormilev 1958. Concerning the apterous Aradidae of the Americas (Hemiptera). Ann. Entomol. Soc. America 51: 241–247. Google Scholar


R. C. Froeschner 1988. Family Aradidae, pp. 29–46 In T. J. Henry and R. C. Froeschner [eds.], Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States. E. J. Brill, NY. 958 pp. Google Scholar


H. M. Harris , and C. J. Drake 1944. New apterous Aradidae from the Western Hemisphere (Hemiptera). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Washington 46: 128–132. Google Scholar


O. Heidemann 1904. Notes on a few Aradidae occurring north of the Mexican Boundary. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Washington 6: 229–233. Google Scholar


H. Grillo Ravelo 1988. Los Aradidos (Heteroptera) de Cuba I Subfamilia Carventinae. Universidad Central de Las Villas, Santa Clara, Cuba. 113 pp. Google Scholar


E. Heiss 1980. Nomenklatorische anderungen und differenzierung von Aradus crenatus Say, 1831, und Aradus cinnamomeus Panzer, 1806, aus Europa und USA (Insecta: Heteroptera, Aradidae). Ber. Natur.-Med. Ver. Innsbruck 67: 103–116. Google Scholar


N. A. Kormilev 1968. North and Central American species of Aneurus Curtis (Hemiptera: Aradidae). Proc. United States Natl. Museum 125(3657): 1–12. Google Scholar


N. A. Kormilev 1971. Key to American species of the genus Mezira Proc. Entomol. Soc. Washington 73: 282–292. Google Scholar


N. A. Kormilev 1982a. Records and descriptions of North American and Oriental Aradidae (Hemiptera). Wasmann J. Biol. 40: 1–17. Google Scholar


N. A. Kormilev 1982b. Records and descriptions of Centeral American Aradidae (Hemiptera). Wasmann J. Biol. 40: 26–44. Google Scholar


N. A. Kormilev 1982c. On Mezira granulata (Say) group (Hemiptera: Aradidae). J. Nat. Hist. 16: 775–779. Google Scholar


N. A. Kormilev , and P. H. van Doesburg 1977. A new genus and a new species of the Carventinae from Surinam (Hemiptera, Aradidae). Zool. Meded. 52: 1–6. Google Scholar


N. A. Kormilev , and R. C. Froeschner 1987. Flat Bugs of the World. A synonymic List (Heteroptera: Aradidae). Entomography 5: 1–246. Google Scholar


R. A. B. Leschen , and S. J. Taylor 1987. Notes on the biology and distribution of Aradus robustus (Hemiptera: Aradidae). Entomol. News 98: 183–185. Google Scholar


R. Matsuda 1977. The Insects and Arachnids of Canada. Part 3. The Aradidae of Canada. Hemiptera: Aradidae. Canadian Dept. Agric. Publ. 1634: 1–116. Google Scholar


J. E. Mcpherson , and B. C. Weber 1981. Seasonal flight patterns of Hemiptera in a North Carolina black walnut plantation. 6. Tingidae and Aradidae. Gt. Lakes Entomol. 14: 137–140. Google Scholar


H. M. Parshley 1921. Essay on the American species of Aradus (Hemiptera). Trans. American Entomol Soc. 47: 1–106. Google Scholar


V. D. Picchi 1977. A systematic review of the genus Aneurus of North and Middle America and the West Indies (Hemiptera: Aradidae). Quaest. Entomol. 13: 255–308. Google Scholar


S. J. Taylor , and S. P. Lewis 1989. Notes on the habitat and distribution of Acaricoris ignotus Harris and Drake (Heteroptera: Aradidae). Southwest. Nat. 34: 154–155. Google Scholar


s. j. Taylor , and J. E. Mcpherson 1989a. State records and confirmations of Arkansas flat bugs (Heteroptera: Aradidae). Gt. Lakes Entomol. 22:19–23. Google Scholar


S. J. Taylor , and J. E. Mcpherson 1989b. Distributional records of some Florida Aradidae (Heteroptera). Florida Entomol. 72: 265–267. Google Scholar


J. R. de La. Torre-bueno 1939. A synopsis of the Hemiptera-Heteroptera of America north of Mexico. Entomol. Americana 19: 141–304. Google Scholar


R. L. Usinger 1936. Studies in the American Aradidae with descriptions of new species (Hemiptera). Ann. Entomol. Soc. America 29: 490–516. Google Scholar


R. L. Usinger , and R. Matsuda 1959. Classification of the Aradidae. British Museum, London. 410 pp. Google Scholar


T. Vásárhelyi 1994. Two new flat bug species from North America (Heteroptera, Aradidae). J. New York Entomol. Soc. 102: 86–90. Google Scholar
Steven J. Taylor and Stephanie A. Gil "State Records, Confirmations, and Habitats of Aradidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera)from Louisiana, U.S.A.," Florida Entomologist 92(2), 199-207, (1 June 2009).
Published: 1 June 2009

flat bug
Get copyright permission
Back to Top