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1 December 2013 History and Cultivation of Parma Violets (Viola, Violaceae) in the United Kingdom and France in the Nineteenth Century
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Abstract

Scented cultivars of Parma violets were among the most important urban plants during the nineteenth century, with many references in literature, fashion, art and flower trade. Our research analyzed data related to Parma violets in France and in the United Kingdom and presents the cultivars introduced during the nineteenth century.

© President and Fellows of Harvard College, 2013.
Luís Mendonça de Carvalho, Francisca Maria Fernandes, Maria de Fátima Nunes, João Brigola, Nathalie Casbas, and Clive Groves "History and Cultivation of Parma Violets (Viola, Violaceae) in the United Kingdom and France in the Nineteenth Century," Harvard Papers in Botany 18(2), 137-145, (1 December 2013). https://doi.org/10.3100/025.018.0207
Published: 1 December 2013
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