Since its description almost 40 years ago, the mistletoe Cladocolea biflora (Loranthaceae) has been considered an extraordinary species due to its combinations of unique morphological characters, which made it difficult to confidently assign it to any of the extant genera of Neotropical Loranthaceae. In this contribution, we propose that the specimen from which C. biflora was described does not represent a mistletoe but instead the hemiparasitic tree Schoepfia schreberi (Schoepfiaceae). Morphological characters evaluated to justify this decision and taxonomic implications are discussed, and a synonymization of C. biflora under S. schreberi is proposed.
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Vol. 24 • No. 2