Clerc, P. 2016. Notes on the genus Usnea (lichenized Ascomycota, Parmeliaceae) IV. — Herzogia 29: 403–411.
Several species of the genus Usnea occurring supra-continentally are treated. Usnea barbata is new to the United Kingdom. Usnea entoviolata is new to Europe and a map of its known worldwide occurrence is given. Usnea perhispidella (syn. nov: U. eumitrioides), U. poliotrix, and U. subdasaea are new to North America. Usnea perplexans, a Himalayan taxon, is the correct name for U. lapponica, a widely occurring species in Europe and North America. Usnea aciculifera, U. hondoensis and U. pangiana are also discussed.