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1 April 2011 Communication and the Primate Brain: Insights from Neuroimaging Studies in Humans, Chimpanzees and Macaques
Benjamin Wilson, Christopher I. Petkov
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Considerable knowledge is available on the neural substrates for speech and language from brain-imaging studies in humans, but until recently there was a lack of data for comparison from other animal species on the evolutionarily conserved brain regions that process species-specific communication signals. To obtain new insights into the relationship of the substrates for communication in primates, we compared the results from several neuroimaging studies in humans with those that have recently been obtained from macaque monkeys and chimpanzees. The recent work in humans challenges the longstanding notion of highly localized speech areas. As a result, the brain regions that have been identified in humans for speech and nonlinguistic voice processing show a sulking general correspondence to how the brains of oilier primates analyze species-specific vocalizations or information in the voice, such as voice identity. The comparative neuroimaging work has begun to clarify evolutionary relationships in brain function, supporting the notion that the brain regions that process communication signals in the human brain arose from a precursor network of regions that is present in nonhuman primates and is used for processing species-specific vocalizations. We conclude by considering how the stage now seems to te set for comparative neurobiology to characterize the ancestral state of the network that evolved in humans to support language.

© 2011 Wayne Stale University Press. Detroit, Michigan 48201-1309
Benjamin Wilson and Christopher I. Petkov "Communication and the Primate Brain: Insights from Neuroimaging Studies in Humans, Chimpanzees and Macaques," Human Biology 83(2), 175-189, (1 April 2011).
Published: 1 April 2011
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