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1 December 2012 Extensive Population Structure in San, Khoe, and Mixed Ancestry Populations from Southern Africa Revealed by 44 Short 5-SNP Haplotypes
Carina M. Schlebusch, Himla Soodyall
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Abstract

The San and Khoe people currently represent remnant groups of a much larger and widely distributed population of hunter-gatherers and pastoralists who had exclusive occupation of southern Africa before the arrival of Bantu-speaking groups in the past 1,200 years and sea-borne immigrants within the last 350 years. Genetic studies [mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and Y-chromosome] conducted on San and Khoe groups revealed that they harbor some of the most divergent lineages found in living peoples throughout the world. Recently, high-density, autosomal, single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-array studies confirmed the early divergence of Khoe-San population groups from all other human populations. The present study made use of 220 autosomal SNP markers (in the format of both haplotypes and genotypes) to examine the population structure of various San and Khoe groups and their relationship to other neighboring groups.

©2013 Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan 48201-1309.
Carina M. Schlebusch and Himla Soodyall "Extensive Population Structure in San, Khoe, and Mixed Ancestry Populations from Southern Africa Revealed by 44 Short 5-SNP Haplotypes," Human Biology 84(6), 695-724, (1 December 2012). https://doi.org/10.3378/027.084.0603
Received: 30 July 2012; Accepted: 1 December 2012; Published: 1 December 2012
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