This study was undertaken in order to examine the estrogen sensitivity of HKT-1097, an established cell line recently derived from diethylstilbestrol (DES)-induced kidney tumors in Syrian hamsters. Estrogen receptor (ER) level in HKT-1097, determined by enzyme-linked immunoassay, was 67 fmol/mg protein, i.e., a value approx. 30% lower than that found in Syrian hamster kidney tumors. ER immunostaining in cells fixed with Carnoy's mixture, as well as ER demonstration by Western blotting, suggested DES-induced nuclear translocation or stabilization of the receptor within the nucleus. Kinetic parameters of estrogen binding to ER in HKT-1097 cells were 8.4 × 10−11 M and 60.8 fmol/mg protein for Kd and Bmax, respectively. The Kd of estrogen binding to ER in HKT-1097 was close to that evaluated for the receptor in breast cancer–derived MCF-7 cell line, whereas the Bmax value was approx. seven times lower in HKT-1097 as compared to MCF-7. In HKT-1097 cells, antiestrogens ICI 182,780 and RU 58,668 induced ER downregulation and competed with estrogen binding to the receptor. As demonstrated by Western blot analysis, DES exposure led to an increased expression of progesterone receptor (PgR) in HKT-1097 cells. Addition of DES to estrogen-free medium produced a stimulation of growth in both HKT-1097 and MCF-7 cells, but the mitogenic effect was less marked for HKT-1097. Despite the fact that ICI 182,780 and RU 58,668 clearly interact with HKT-1097 cell ER, they appeared unable to suppress DES-induced stimulation of growth and increase of PgR expression.
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Vol. 36 • No. 10