A few models have been established to study cancer cells in vitro. However, the cellular interactions have rarely been studied specifically using bioengineered cancer constructs combining human carcinoma cells and tumor-associated fibroblasts. We developed an in vitro model of tridimensional bioengineered cancer tissue constructs (bCTC) by seeding mammary epithelial cancer cells or normal keratinocytes over a mesenchymal layer containing tumor-derived fibroblastic cells or normal skin fibroblasts. After the introduction of epithelial cells, each construct was cultured for another 10 d. Histologic analyses showed that carcinoma cell lines could invade the subjacent mesenchymal layer and that the capacity to migrate was related to the invasive potential of cancer cells and the type of fibroblasts used, while noninvasive populations did not. Of the tested epithelial cells, MDA-MB-231 and, to a lesser degree, HDQ-P1 cell lines were invasive, and the invasion was deeper into the mesenchymal component containing tumor-derived fibroblasts. However, with normal skin fibroblasts, the mesenchymal layer was degraded twice faster than with tumor-derived fibroblastic cells. MDA-MB-231 cells and normal keratinocytes induced the highest level of gelatinase B, and the level was lowest with the MCF-7 cell line. The activated form of gelatinase B was, however, induced to the highest levels in the keratinocyte-seeded bCTC containing tumor-derived but not normal fibroblasts. MDA-MB-231 was the only epithelial cancer cell line whose activity of gelatinase A was reduced when cocultured with tumor-derived fibroblasts but not under normal fibroblast stimulation. Finally, a 50/48-kDa gelatinase band has been observed in bCTCs with noninvasive epithelial cells only. Our study demonstrates the selective secretion of gelatinases according to the phenotype of the cells seeded in the various bCTCs.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 37 • No. 7