We report the development of a new serum-free medium based on the use of factorial experiments. At first, a variety of hydrolysates were screened using a fractional factorial approach with High-Five cells. From this experiment yeastolate ultrafiltrate was found to have, by far, the most important effect on cell growth. Furthermore, Primatone RL® was found to remarkably prolong the stationary phase of Sf-9 and High-Five cell cultures. The optimal concentrations for yeastolate and Primatone were determined to be 0.6 and 0.5%, respectively, on the basis of a complete factorial experiment. This new medium, called YPR, supported good growth of both Sf-9 and High-Five cells in batch cultures, with maximal densities of 5.4 and 6.1 × 106 cells/ml, respectively. In addition, both cell lines achieved good growth in bioreactor batch culture and had a prolonged stationary phase of 3–4 d in YPR medium compared to Insect-XPRESS medium. The ability of the new medium to support recombinant protein expression was also tested by infecting Sf-9 or High-Five cells at high density (2 × 106 cells/ml) with a baculovirus expressing secreted placental alkaline phosphatase (SEAP). The maximum total SEAP concentration after 7 d was about 43 IU/ml (58 mg/L) and 28 IU/ml (39 mg/L) for High-Five and Sf-9 cells, respectively.
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Vol. 37 • No. 9