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1 November 2002 LIPIDS IN BLOOD–BRAIN BARRIER MODELS IN VITRO I: THIN-LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY AND HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY FOR THE ANALYSIS OF LIPID CLASSES AND LONG-CHAIN POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS
STEFANIE D. KRÄMER, JOHANNAH A. HURLEY, N. JOAN ABBOTT, DAVID J. BEGLEY
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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to optimize a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for fatty acid (FA) analysis for the quantification of polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs) in cell lipid extracts and to analyze the lipid and FA patterns of three cell lines used in blood–brain barrier (BBB) models: RBE4, ECV304, and C6. Thin-layer chromatographic analysis revealed differences in the phosphatidylcholine–phosphatidylethanolamine (PC:PE) ratios and the triglyceride (TG) content. The PC:PE ratio was <1 for RBE4 cells but >1 for ECV304 and C6 cells. ECV304 cells displayed up to 9% TG depending on culture time, whereas the other cell lines contained about 1% TG. The percentages of docosahexaenoic acid were 9.4 ± 1.7% of the unsaturated FAs in RBE4 cells (n = 5; 4 d in culture; 9.9% after 10 d), 8.1 ± 2.0% in ECV304 cells (n = 11; 10 to 14 d), and 6.7 ± 0.6% in C6 cells (n = 6; 10 to 14 d) and were close to the published values for rat brain microvascular endothelium. The percentage of arachidonic acid (C20:4) was about half that in vivo. ECV304 cells contained the highest fraction of C20:4, 17.8 ± 2.2%; RBE4 cells contained 11.6 ± 2.4%; and C6 cells 15.8 ± 1.9%. It is concluded that a sensitive HPLC method for FAs is now optimized for the analysis of long-chain PUFAs. The results provide a useful framework for studies on the effects of lipid modulation and give reference information for the development of further BBB models.

STEFANIE D. KRÄMER, JOHANNAH A. HURLEY, N. JOAN ABBOTT, and DAVID J. BEGLEY "LIPIDS IN BLOOD–BRAIN BARRIER MODELS IN VITRO I: THIN-LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY AND HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY FOR THE ANALYSIS OF LIPID CLASSES AND LONG-CHAIN POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS," In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal 38(10), 557-565, (1 November 2002). https://doi.org/10.1290/1543-706X(2002)38<557:LIBBMI>2.0.CO;2
Received: 20 December 2002; Accepted: 1 February 2003; Published: 1 November 2002
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KEYWORDS
brain microvascular endothelium
C6 glioma
ECV304
long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids
RBE4
TRIGLYCERIDES
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