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1 November 2005 PROTEASE ACTIVITY IN PROTEIN-FREE NS0 MYELOMA CELL CULTURES
ERIKA SPENS, LENA HÄGGSTRÖM
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Abstract

Zymography of concentrated conditioned medium (CM) from protein-free NS0 myeloma cell cultures showed that this cell line produced and released/secreted several proteases. Two caseinolytic activities at 45–50 and 90 kDa were identified as aspartic acid proteases, and at least two cathepsins of the papain-like cysteine protease family with molecular masses of 30–35 kDa were found by gelatin zymography. One of these cathepsins was identified as cathepsin L by using an enzyme assay exploiting the substrate Z-Phe-Arg-AMC and the inhibitor Z-Phe-Tyr-t(Bu)-DMK. The aspartic acid and cysteine proteases were active only at acidic pH and are therefore not a potential risk for degrading the product or affecting cell growth during culture. Secreted proforms of cathepsins may, however, possess mitogenic functions, but addition of anti-procathepsin L antibodies to NS0 cultures did not influence proliferation. The recombinant antibody product was not degraded in cell-free CM incubated at pH 7, but when the pH was decreased to 3.5–4, the aspartic acid proteases degraded the product. Gelatin zymography also revealed the presence of several serine proteases in NS0 CM, one at 85 kDa and two at 50 kDa, with pH optima close to culture pH. Addition of the serine protease inhibitor aprotinin significantly increased the specific proliferation rate as compared to the control. In addition to these data, N-terminal amino acid sequencing identified two proteins in NS0 CM as the protease inhibitors secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor and cystatin C.

ERIKA SPENS and LENA HÄGGSTRÖM "PROTEASE ACTIVITY IN PROTEIN-FREE NS0 MYELOMA CELL CULTURES," In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal 41(10), 330-336, (1 November 2005). https://doi.org/10.1290/0507047.1
Received: 28 July 2005; Accepted: 1 September 2005; Published: 1 November 2005
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KEYWORDS
aprotinin
cathepsin L
conditioned medium
cystatin C
SLPI
zymography
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