Shoot tips, of four potato cultivars (Désirée, Genet, Tigoni, and Tomensa), 3–4 mm in size, were precultured for 2 d on Murashige and Skoog (MS) solid medium, then encapsulated in calcium alginate to produce hollow bead synthetic seed capsules averaging 0.78 cm in diameter. Regeneration and ‘regrowth’ were tested on MS solid medium and on soil in the greenhouse, respectively. The encapsulated shoot tips were stored at 4 and 10°C for up to 390 d. For all cultivars, the encapsulated shoot tips stored at both temperatures for 180 d and at 4°C for 270 d, 100% regeneration on MS solid medium was recorded. After 360 d in storage at 4°C, 70.8% (Tigoni), 66.7% (Genet), 58.3% (Désirée), and 51.5% (Tomensa) regeneration was recorded on MS medium, reducing to 15% (Tigoni), 25% (Genet), 10% (Désirée), and 0% (Tomensa) regeneration after 390 d in storage. ‘Regrowth’ of 93–100% was recorded for non-stored encapsulated shoot tips, directly transferred on soil in the greenhouse after a 2 wk preculture on MS solid medium with an added fungicide (carbendazim) in the encapsulating gel. The ‘regrown’ shoot tips produced plants showing normal development. The results presented here demonstrate that hollow bead synthetic seed capsules are an alternative propagating method for potato seed production.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 39 • No. 5