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1 March 2004 FORMATION OF EMBRYOGENIC CALLUS IN HAIRY ROOTS OF PUMPKIN (CUCURBITA PEPO L.)
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Abstract

Excised cotyledons from 8-d-old pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L.) seedlings were inoculated with Agrobacterium rhizogenes and cultured on hormone-free Murashige and Skoog medium. At the site of inoculation, transformed hairy roots were successfully induced by using wild strains 8196 (mannopine-type) and 15834 (agropine-type). After a subsequent transfer on a solid MS medium without hormones, roots obtained by transformation with strain 15834 failed to form stable hairy root cultures, while several hairy root lines were established with strain 8196. Three hairy root lines, Cp1, Cp2, and Cp31, have spontaneously generated callus with embryo-like structures after more than 3 yr of growth on the solid medium. The callus proliferation was more frequent when the autoclaving of nutrient medium, pH 5.7, was prolonged to 30 min. Separated calluses continued to proliferate and generated embryos with abnormal morphology. The combination of indole-3-acetic acid and benzyladenine had a favorable influence on embryogenesis and organogenesis in the Cp31 callus line. The Southern analysis of Cp31 root and embryo DNA confirmed the presence of the T-DNA of Agrobacterium rhizogenes.

BILJANA BALEN, DUNJA LELJAK-LEVANIć, SNJEŽANA MIHALJEVIć, SREćKO JELENIć, and SIBILA JELASKA "FORMATION OF EMBRYOGENIC CALLUS IN HAIRY ROOTS OF PUMPKIN (CUCURBITA PEPO L.)," In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant 40(2), 182-187, (1 March 2004). https://doi.org/10.1079/IVP2003516
Received: 2 June 2003; Accepted: 1 September 2003; Published: 1 March 2004
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