Pathogens of plants produce effector proteins necessary for successful parasitism. The effectors enhance pathogen virulence by manipulating signaling in the plant. Plants produce resistance (R) proteins that mediate recognition of specific effectors and respond by initiating plant defenses. In many cases, R-proteins perceive effectors indirectly; virulence signaling initiated by the effector is shunted, via the R-protein, into a resistance response. Therefore, by understanding how effectors manipulate virulence targets we will concurrently gain insight into how this signaling elicits R-protein-mediated defense responses.
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Vol. 40 • No. 3