Shoot cultures of apple cv. Pinova were contaminated with faint pink pigmented yeast. Yeast isolates were identified as Rhodotorula slooffiae with standard physiological methods and molecular analysis. Growth of isolated yeasts was tested against different fungicides. The following fungicides inhibited the growth of yeast isolates, and were not phytotoxic to apple shoots at concentrations lower than the minimal phytotoxic concentrations (MPC): ProClin® 300, mancozeb, triforine, myclobutanil, thiabendazole, mancozeb zoxamid, and silver nitrate. Some fungicides inhibited growth of yeasts, but were phytotoxic. These included miconazole, PPM™, copper sulfate, potassium sorbate, and cycloheximide. Benomyl was not phytotoxic, but was effective only at high doses. Decontamination of shoots was achieved using a combination of two treatments. Shoots were first soaked in half-strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) liquid medium containing silver nitrate (588 μM) and Silvet 77 (0.01%) for 1–2 h, and then transferred to a solidified MS medium containing both mancozeb (15 mg l−1) and thiabendazole (40 mg l−1).
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 41 • No. 4