An efficient plant regeneration protocol was established for castor (Ricinus communis L.). Hypocotyl tissue from zygotic embryo axis produced adventitious shoots when treated with either thidiazuron (TDZ, 1 μM) or 6-benzylaminopurine (BA, 20 μM). TDZ resulted in more than a threefold higher rate of shoot induction (a maximum of 24.2 shoots per explant) than BA (6.8 shoots). Our results also showed that the pretreatment of explants in the dark increased the number of shoots regenerated per explant by 82% and 36% with TDZ and BA, respectively. The elongation of hypocotyl tissue in the dark appears to be the primary cause of the increase. Comparable rates of rooting were achieved on the media supplemented with either indole-3-butyric acid (IBA, 84.3%) or 1-naphthalene-acetic acid (NAA, 87.4%) at 5 μM. However, IBA was more efficient in promoting root and shoot development, resulting in a higher rate of establishment (93.5%) in the soil, compared to the rate with NAA (39.5%). Histological analysis showed the adventitious induction of the shoot buds originated from the cortex of the hypocotyl tissue.
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Vol. 43 • No. 1