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20 March 2015 Morphological phylogenetic analysis confirms the monophyly of Rhysophora Cresson (Diptera: Ephydridae) and provides a framework for a revision of the genus
Daniel N. R. Costa, Wayne N. Mathis, Luciane Marinoni
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Abstract

With discovery of four new Neotropical species, the New World shore-fly genus Rhysophora Cresson, 1924 is revised, including a phylogenetic reassessment of some generic relationships within Discomyzini and of species within Rhysophora. The reconstructed phylogenetic relationships are based on 43 adult morphological characters and resulted in the following discoveries, mostly based on the well-supported cladogram: (1) the monophyly of Rhysophora is corroborated; (2) its sister group is Helaeomyia Cresson, not Guttipsilopa Wirth, as previously proposed; (3) three species groups within Rhysophora are recognized; and (4) greater species diversity is in South America, where there is also greater diversity in host plants. We hypothesise that the two Nearctic species, R. robusta and R. laffooni, resulted from two independent dispersal and speciation events when their water lettuce and pickerel weed hosts also dispersed there from the Neotropics. All of these flies are associated with aquatic plants of the families Pontederiaceae (Pontederia, Eichhornia) and Araceae (Pistia stratiotes), with the exception of R. griseola. All species are redescribed and an identification key, distribution maps and illustrations of male terminalia are provided to assist identification of these species.

© CSIRO 2015
Daniel N. R. Costa, Wayne N. Mathis, and Luciane Marinoni "Morphological phylogenetic analysis confirms the monophyly of Rhysophora Cresson (Diptera: Ephydridae) and provides a framework for a revision of the genus," Invertebrate Systematics 29(1), 71-103, (20 March 2015). https://doi.org/10.1071/IS14028
Received: 9 June 2014; Accepted: 1 September 2014; Published: 20 March 2015
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KEYWORDS
cladistic analysis
Eichhornia
Pistia stratiotes
Pontederia
shore flies
taxonomy
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