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1 January 2016 Fruit and Vegetable Extracts as Radiation Protectants for the Beet Armyworm Nucleopolyhedrovirus
Martin Shapiro, Said El Salamouny, B. Merle Shepard, D. Michael Jackson
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Abstract

Extracts from 37 fruits and vegetables were tested as ultraviolet (UV) protectants for the nucleopolyhedrovirus (SeMNPV) of the beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Only one extract (black currant) provided almost complete protection following UVB/UVA irradiation for 30 minutes under laboratory conditions. As a group, fruit and vegetable extracts were significantly less effective than published values for herb and spice extracts. Based on analyses of antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content of selected plants, it was determined that (1) herbs and spices contained much higher levels of antioxidants and phenolics than fruits and vegetables, (2) neither high levels of antioxidants nor high levels of phenolics alone could account for UV protection, and (3) selection of extracts with high levels of both antioxidants and total phenolics resulted in increased UV protection.

The South Carolina Entomological Society, Inc.
Martin Shapiro, Said El Salamouny, B. Merle Shepard, and D. Michael Jackson "Fruit and Vegetable Extracts as Radiation Protectants for the Beet Armyworm Nucleopolyhedrovirus," Journal of Agricultural and Urban Entomology 32(1), 91-100, (1 January 2016). https://doi.org/10.3954/JAUE14-13.1
Accepted: 14 October 2016; Published: 1 January 2016
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
Insecta
protectants
SeMNPV
Spodoptera exigua
ultraviolet radiation
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