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1 December 2003 Absence of Salmonella and Campylobacter Species in Fecal and Cloacal Swab Samples From Kakapo (Strigops habroptilus) on Codfish Island, New Zealand
Naya Brangenberg, Catherine McInnes, Joanne H. Connolly, Lynn E. Rogers
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Abstract

The kakapo (Strigops habroptilus) is a critically endangered New Zealand parrot. The presence of house sparrows (Passer domesticus) infected with a potentially pathogenic phage type of Salmonella enterica on the 2 islands that contain the remaining kakapo caused concern that this phage type might infect the kakapo and threaten their survival. This study sought to determine the presence or absence of Salmonella and Campylobacter species in the kakapo population of Codfish Island, New Zealand. Fecal and cloacal swab samples from kakapo were collected during an annual health examination and cultured for Salmonella and Campylobacter species. None of the cultures from the 39 birds sampled were positive for either organism. Results of this study suggest that kakapo on Codfish Island are not currently infected with these organisms. However, management changes have been made to reduce the risk of disease transmission from feral birds, and surveillance for these organisms in the kakapo will be continued.

Naya Brangenberg, Catherine McInnes, Joanne H. Connolly, and Lynn E. Rogers "Absence of Salmonella and Campylobacter Species in Fecal and Cloacal Swab Samples From Kakapo (Strigops habroptilus) on Codfish Island, New Zealand," Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 17(4), 203-205, (1 December 2003). https://doi.org/10.1647/2003-023
Published: 1 December 2003
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