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21 April 2021 Ophthalmic Evaluation of Raptors Suffering From Ocular Trauma
Renee T. Carter, Andrew C. Lewin
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Abstract

Ocular problems are often associated with traumatic injury in raptors. A comprehensive evaluation, including a complete ophthalmic examination, is vital in determining the patient's overall health and suitability for release. Steps for conducting ocular examination and diagnostic testing in raptors is discussed. Additionally, common clinical findings after trauma, as well as the mechanisms by which ocular injury occurs, are outlined. An overview of medical treatments recommended for commonly diagnosed ocular diseases and the utility of ancillary diagnostic procedures is also presented.

© 2021 by the Association of Avian Veterinarians
Renee T. Carter and Andrew C. Lewin "Ophthalmic Evaluation of Raptors Suffering From Ocular Trauma," Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 35(1), 2-27, (21 April 2021). https://doi.org/10.1647/1082-6742-35.1.2
Published: 21 April 2021
JOURNAL ARTICLE
26 PAGES


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KEYWORDS
Avian
eye
injuries
ocular trauma
ophthalmology
raptors
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