Wang, J.B.; Ren, G.B.; Lin, Z.Y.; Wang, A.D.; Hu, Y.B.; Li, X.M.; Wu, P.Q.; Ma, Y., and Zhang, J., 2020. Estimation and analysis of nitrogen contents in the yellow river estuary wetland using Gaofen-1 remote sensing data. In: Jung, H.-S.; Lee, S.; Ryu, J.-H., and Cui, T. (eds.), Advances in Geospatial Research of Coastal Environments. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 102, pp. 1-10. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
Nitrogen storage is a key indicator of vegetation growth, and the spatial distribution of nitrogen storage provides important information about the ecological status of wetland ecosystems. In this study, the aboveground vegetation nitrogen content (AVNC) in the Yellow River estuary wetland is estimated based on GaoFen-1 wide field of view (GF-1 WFV) image. Based on the spatial distribution of vegetation and the fractional vegetation coverage (FVC), the characteristics of AVNC are analyzed. On the basis of this study, the best model for estimating AVNC based on vegetation indices is the sample rate index (SRI), whose determination coefficient (R2) is 0.72 and root mean square error (RMSE) is 1.5 g/m2. Per the results of this model, the total AVNC of the study area is obtained, which is 620.6 tons.
The total ANVC for freshwater Phragmites australis (FPA), Tamarix chinesis shrub (TCS), Spartina alterniflora (SA), Suaeda salsa (SS), and tidal flat Phragmites australis (TFPA) communities are 296.2 t, 115.3 t, 97.1 t, 86.3 t and 25.7 t, respectively. The average AVNC per unit area for SA, FPA, TCS, TFPA, and SS communities are 4.2 g/m2, 4.8 g/m2, 3.1 g/m2, 1.7 g/m2 and 1.4 g/m2, respectively. The correlation between FVC and AVNC is also analyzed, from which, the spatial distribution of AVNC and FVC is found to be in good agreement. Results of this study thus provide a valuable reference for determining AVNC in coastal wetland ecosystems with implications for ecological health and other ecological characteristics.