Zheng, H.R. and Zhang, L., 2020. Research on the patent system in the field of water resources. In: Guido Aldana, P.A. and Kantamaneni, K. (eds.), Advances in Water Resources, Coastal Management, and Marine Science Technology. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 104, pp. 390–393. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
The paper analyzes the patent system in the field of water resources to boost the industrialization of water-related patents. Water-related patents are characterized by scarcity and high intelligence, which has become a crucial technology field in fierce competition among the United States, Japan, Europe, South Korea and other countries. Analyzing the International Patent Classification Table, we find that the standards of patent laws guarantee the practicality, novelty and creativity of the water-related patents. Our results show that the application of water-related patents in agriculture, industry and drinking water is growing rapidly, and strengthening of patent protection may further promotes the industrial application. We point out that it is necessary to strengthen the legislation on the research and investment of the water-related patents. Improvement of the patent examination quality, along with perfect enforcement of patent protection, may facilitate the innovation of water-related patents.