Translator Disclaimer
1 March 2005 Nesting Habitat Requirements of the Brown Pelican and Their Management Implications
Jenneke M. Visser, William G. Vermillion, D. Elaine Evers, R. Greg Linscombe, Charles E. Sasser
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Because of the severe land loss in coastal Louisiana, many natural nesting areas for the Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) are disappearing. Based on field measurements, geographical information system analysis, and a review of the relevant literature, we developed design criteria for the optimal artificial breeding habitat for Brown Pelican. Brown Pelican colonized islands had at least 70% open water within 20 km surrounding the island. Persistent pelican colonies occurred at least 7 km from the mainland and 0.3 km from the nearest island. Long-term colonized islands were between 10 and 70 ha in size with the shrub and dune habitat ranging from 2 to 20 ha on these islands. Pelicans preferred nesting in shrubs, and nesting occurred at an average elevation of 30 cm above mean sea level. We recommend that management for pelican nesting habitat includes loafing habitat: a beach that is at least 28 m wide is recommended.

Jenneke M. Visser, William G. Vermillion, D. Elaine Evers, R. Greg Linscombe, and Charles E. Sasser "Nesting Habitat Requirements of the Brown Pelican and Their Management Implications," Journal of Coastal Research 2005(212), (1 March 2005). https://doi.org/10.2112/04-0176.1
Received: 26 February 2004; Accepted: 7 March 2004; Published: 1 March 2005
JOURNAL ARTICLE
PAGES


Share
SHARE
KEYWORDS
breeding habitat
Louisiana
Pelecanus occidentalis
seabird
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top