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1 November 2005 Observations of Hydraulic Jumps in High-Energy Swash
Tony Butt, Paul Russell
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The possible influence on swash-zone sediment transport of hydraulic jumps is investigated using field measurements from two natural beaches in high-energy (Hs = 1.5 to 3.7 meters) dissipative conditions. Results from measurements of cross-shore velocity using electromagnetic current meters at z = 3 centimeters, water depth using pressure transducers at z = 0, and cross-shore bore displacement using video time stacks suggest that hydraulic jumps may occur in approximately one-third of infragravity backwashes. Results from sediment load measurements using traps suggest that backwashes containing jumps can advect approximately 2.5 times as much sediment offshore than a backwash not containing a hydraulic jump. The overall effect of hydraulic jumps appears to be to enhance offshore transport, especially in high-energy conditions, when infragravity backwashes are more common.

Tony Butt and Paul Russell "Observations of Hydraulic Jumps in High-Energy Swash," Journal of Coastal Research 2005(216), 1219-1227, (1 November 2005).
Received: 22 July 2004; Accepted: 1 July 2004; Published: 1 November 2005
suspended sediment
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