How to translate text using browser tools
1 June 2008 Simulation of Hydrodynamics at Stratified Reservoirs Using a Staged Modeling Approach
Tarang Khangaonkar, Zhaoqing Yang, Joongcheol Paik, Fotis Sotiropoulos
Author Affiliations +

Hydropower reservoirs impounded by high-head dams exhibit complex circulation that confuses the downstream migrating salmon and limits successful collection and passage of fish. Fish passage engineers attempt to modify the hydrothermal behavior at reservoirs through structural and operational modifications and often use hydrodynamic simulations to guide their actions. Simulation of key hydrothermal processes such as (a) development of a stable two-layer stratified system, (b) density-driven currents over a reservoir length scale, and (c) discharge hydraulics near the power generation and fish collection intakes requires highly specialized models applied at differing temporal and spatial scales. A staged modeling approach is presented that uses external coupling of models at varying temporal scales and spatial resolution to simulate the entire hydraulic regime from the mouth of the reservoir at the upstream end to the discharge at the dam. The staged modeling approach is illustrated using a case study where structural modifications were evaluated to improve reservoir stratification and density-driven currents. The model results provided input and valuable insight in the development of a new structure design and configuration for effective fish collection near the forebay of a high-head dam.

Tarang Khangaonkar, Zhaoqing Yang, Joongcheol Paik, and Fotis Sotiropoulos "Simulation of Hydrodynamics at Stratified Reservoirs Using a Staged Modeling Approach," Journal of Coastal Research 2008(10052), 79-86, (1 June 2008).
Published: 1 June 2008
3-D modeling
computational fluid dynamics
fish passage
heat balance
high-head dam
Get copyright permission
Back to Top