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1 September 2008 Field Study of Beach Water Content as a Guide to Wind Erosion Potential
Ian Darke, Cheryl McKenna Neuman
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Wind erosion is strongly governed by water adsorbed onto the surfaces of sedimentary particles and held by capillarity in lenses at interparticle contacts. Unfortunately, conventional measurement techniques cannot adequately characterize the distribution of surface pore water content over a continuous, horizontal plane. The present field study, carried out on two beaches on the north shore of Lake Ontario, confirms that the water table level plays an important role in governing this distribution in the absence of precipitation. The maximum extent of the capillary fringe was determined to be about 400–500 mm, consistent with prediction from a physically based model for which the pore radius is assumed to be one-fifth of the mean grain diameter. The brightness of the sand surface also was confirmed to be a good indicator of the amount of pore water present. A simple remote sensing method is described that is nondestructive and continuously tracks pore water variability at the beach surface through time and space. In further testing of the method developed by Cheryl McKenna Neuman and G. Langston, this study examines the dependency of the accuracy of measurement upon the scale of its application.

Ian Darke and Cheryl McKenna Neuman "Field Study of Beach Water Content as a Guide to Wind Erosion Potential," Journal of Coastal Research 2008(245), 1200-1208, (1 September 2008).
Received: 19 October 2006; Accepted: 10 April 2007; Published: 1 September 2008

Aeolian transport
capillary fringe
remote sensing
water table
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