PENNETTA, M., CORBELLI, V., ESPOSITO, P., GATTULLO, V and NAPPI, R., 2011. Environmental Impact of Coastal Dunes in the Area Located to the Left of the Garigliano River Mouth (Campany, Italy). In: Micallef, A. (ed.), MCRR3-2010 Conference Proceedings, Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue, No. 61, pp. 421–427. Grosseto, Tuscany, Italy, ISSN 0749-0208.
The dune zone included in the coastal area located to the left of the Garigliano River mouth has been studied. It plays a key role in the balance of a coastal environment for its positive effect on the beach and back beach. The studies have allowed us to conclude that the analyzed coastal area is affected diffusely by erosion processes linked to natural factors as well as to anthropogenic activities of various kinds; as a result the almost complete erosion of foredune occurred. The foredune play a crucial role in the dynamic relationship with the beach and sediment supply of the other dunes. The erosion processes resulted in a significant retreat of the shoreline (about 80–90 m in the northen part and gradually 35–45 m southward in the last 55 years), and the loss in general of a cultural heritage, as well as the alteration of the succession of vegetation assemblages characteristic of coastal environments. Even the secondary dunes is being dismantled, only 50 years ago was tertiary and stable.