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1 May 2012 Remote Sensing of Ocean Internal Waves: An Overview
Victor Klemas
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KLEMAS, V., 2012. Remote sensing of ocean internal waves: an overview.

The oceans are density stratified because of vertical variations in temperature and salinity. Oceanic internal waves can form at the interface (pycnocline) between layers of different water density and propagate long distances along the pycnocline. Internal waves on continental shelves are important because they can attain large amplitudes and affect acoustic wave propagation, submarine navigation, nutrient mixing in the euphotic zone, sediment resuspension, cross-shore pollutant transport, coastal engineering, and oil exploration. Internal waves induce local currents that modulate surface wavelets and slicks, causing patterns of alternating brighter and darker bands to appear on the surface. The surface patterns can be mapped by satellites using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) or visible imagers. The objectives of this article are to discuss methods for remotely studying and mapping ocean internal waves and to present examples illustrating the application of satellite remote sensing.

Victor Klemas "Remote Sensing of Ocean Internal Waves: An Overview," Journal of Coastal Research 28(3), 540-546, (1 May 2012).
Received: 26 August 2011; Accepted: 20 September 2011; Published: 1 May 2012

Ocean internal waves
remote sensing
satellite oceanography
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