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1 July 2014 Analysis of Variations in Phytoplankton Community Size-Structure along a Coastal Trophic Gradient
Esra Kocum, Ayse Sutcu
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Abstract

Kocum, E. and Sutcu, A., 2014. Analysis of variations in phytoplankton community size-structure along a coastal trophic gradient.

The phytoplankton community size structure is a significant factor in the ecological and biogeochemical functioning of marine ecosystems. Various environmental factors, including nutrients, can cause variations in the size structure of phytoplankton community, ultimately determining the potential for downward carbon transport and productivity in marine ecosystems. In the present study, microscale spatial variation in phytoplankton size structure was investigated at two coastal stations having different nutrient environments. The variation in phytoplankton size structure was characterized by a significantly (p < 0.05) higher contribution of larger cells and diminishing abundance of picoplankton under increasing nutrient concentrations observed at both sites, although at different threshold unfractionated phytoplankton chlorophyll a biomass levels. The average percent contributions of picoplankton to total biomass were 30.02 and 19.07% at less enriched site I and at enriched site II, respectively. Thus, we concluded that the variation in phytoplankton size structure was led by the factors that regulated the contribution of large phytoplankton cells; that is, the dominance of picoplankton was only possible when nutrient concentrations precluded accumulation of the larger size classes in the phytoplankton community.

Bu çalışmada Çanakkale Boğazı kıyılarında trofik bakımdan farklılık gösteren iki bölgede fitoplankton komünitesi büyüklük yapısındaki değişim incelenmiştir. Nutrient bakımından zengin bölgede ve toplam fitoplankton biyokütlesi arttığında ise her iki bölgede fitoplankton komünitesindeki büyük hücreli üyelerin bolluğunda artma ve pikoplankton bolluğunda da düşüş gözlemlenmiştir. Çalışma sonucunda fitoplankton komünitesi büyüklük yapısındaki varyasyonun büyük hücreli üyelerin artışını engelleyen koşullarca düzenlendiği yani, pikoplankton bolluğundaki artışın ancak büyük hücreli fitoplankton artışını sınırlayan nutrient yoğunluklarında meydana geldiği ileri sürülmüştür.

Esra Kocum and Ayse Sutcu "Analysis of Variations in Phytoplankton Community Size-Structure along a Coastal Trophic Gradient," Journal of Coastal Research 30(4), 777-784, (1 July 2014). https://doi.org/10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-12-00045.1
Received: 2 March 2012; Accepted: 9 July 2012; Published: 1 July 2014
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