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1 May 2017 Application of a Modified Estimation Formula for Collision Force of Deformed Drifting Containers under Tsunami Conditions
Gyeong-Seon Yeom, Norimi Mizutani, Dong-Soo Hur, Woo-Dong Lee
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Yeom, G.-S.; Mizutani, N.; Hur, D.-S., and Lee, W.-D., 2017. Application of a modified estimation formula for collision force of deformed drifting containers under tsunami conditions.

Damage from a tsunami can be divided widely into direct damage and indirect damage by drifting bodies owing to a run-up wave. Indirect damage attributable to freight containers, which play a major role in international trade, is a concern owing to the effect on international and domestic economic activities. Recently, Japan incurred tremendous damage from a tsunami that occurred after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and recorded the greatest amount of economical loss and highest wave run up (40 m in the Ryori district of Ofunato City) historically (PIANC Marcom WG53, 2010). A previous study proposed an estimation formula for a collision force of a container at drift from a run-up tsunami, which comprises the impulse and momentum of the container and the added mass. In this study, a modification of the existing estimation formula for the collision force of a drifting container from a run-up tsunami was implemented, and its improvement was verified through a comparison between laboratory and numerical experiments. Additionally, the estimation formula was revised for application to a large deformed container, and its applicability under prototypical conditions was confirmed through a comparison with the verified numerical model. Finally, for practical use, a simplification of the estimation formula was applied. As a result, the simplified version of the estimation formula, which considers a large deformation, was shown to have a similar form as the original estimation formula, which did not consider a large deformation, although the influence of the added mass has decreased.

©Coastal Education and Research Foundation, Inc. 2017
Gyeong-Seon Yeom, Norimi Mizutani, Dong-Soo Hur, and Woo-Dong Lee "Application of a Modified Estimation Formula for Collision Force of Deformed Drifting Containers under Tsunami Conditions," Journal of Coastal Research 33(3), 720-730, (1 May 2017).
Received: 21 November 2015; Accepted: 22 April 2016; Published: 1 May 2017

drifting body
evaluation of collision force
fluid-structure interaction
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