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1 July 2021 Effect of Lateral Spacing of Structures on Tsunami-Induced Scour
Philippe April Le Quéré, Ioan Nistor, Majid Mohammadian
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April Le Quéré, P.; Nistor, I., and Mohammadian, M., 2021. Effect of lateral spacing of structures on tsunami-induced scour. Journal of Coastal Research, 37(4), 813–826. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.

Tsunamis are a devastating force, as seen by the extreme tsunamis that struck the Indian and Pacific Oceans over the past two decades: the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, the 2010 Chile Tsunami, and the 2011 Tohoku Japan Tsunami. In those events, flood-induced scouring was found to be an important phenomenon that often led to infrastructure damage. Past research has focused on scouring around single columns and other isolated horizontal structures to attempt to understand the complex processes characterizing this phenomenon. However, given that coastal cities often comprise complex arrangements of multiple structures, often crammed, tsunami inundation flow often finds concentrated paths in between such structures; these flow concentrations increase the resulting scouring. This research is an attempt to inform the scientific community on the potential of augmented scour attributable to flow concentration that is due to the lateral spacing of structures and to compare it with nonconcentrated flow-induced scour. The authors employed the FLOW-3D numerical model for this study. This model was first calibrated using a physical model experiment performed in the dam break flume of the University of Ottawa, Canada. Results from this study demonstrate that flow concentration due to the lateral spacing of structures leads to greater scouring than for the case of an isolated structure and that the magnitude of the scour, for most cases studied, was larger than what is prescribed by the latest building codes.

©Coastal Education and Research Foundation, Inc. 2021
Philippe April Le Quéré, Ioan Nistor, and Majid Mohammadian "Effect of Lateral Spacing of Structures on Tsunami-Induced Scour," Journal of Coastal Research 37(4), 813-826, (1 July 2021).
Received: 6 October 2020; Accepted: 12 January 2021; Published: 1 July 2021
Dam break wave
sediment transport
structure-flow interaction
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