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1 September 2018 Assessing Ocean Wave Dynamics, Potential Sediment Transport, and Coastal Erosion along Accra Coast in Ghana
Kwasi Appeaning Addo
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Abstract

Appeaning Addo, K., 2018. Assessing ocean wave dynamics, potential sediment transport, and coastal erosion along Accra coast in Ghana. In: Almar, R.; Almeida, L.P.; Trung Viet, N., and Sall, M. (eds.), Tropical Coastal and Estuarine Dynamics. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 81, pp. 76–85. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.

This study assessed wave dynamics and sediment transport along the coast of Accra in Ghana and compared the results with coastal erosion trend. Wave data from NOAA global wave model and measured buoy wave data were analysed as well as the potential sediment transport using the CERC's equation. The estimated mean significant wave height was 1.40 m and the period was between 10 and 15 seconds. The potential sediment transport rate was between 4.1 ×105 m3/yr and 4.1 ×105 m3/yr, while coastal erosion rate was 1.13 m/yr. Potential sediment transport rate increases from west to east. Coastal erosion is relatively high along the eastern and western coasts of Accra, while the central coast is relatively stable. Wave heights increased gradually from 1.00 m in January to a peak of 1.73 m in August, and eventually decreased to 1.10 m in December. The shape of the nearshore profile is significantly different along the eastern coast relative to the western and central coasts. This indicates that sediment transport intensity and nearshore bathymetry interaction in part explain the rate of erosion observed along the Accra coast in Ghana.

©Coastal Education and Research Foundation, Inc. 2018
Kwasi Appeaning Addo "Assessing Ocean Wave Dynamics, Potential Sediment Transport, and Coastal Erosion along Accra Coast in Ghana," Journal of Coastal Research 81(sp1), 86-91, (1 September 2018). https://doi.org/10.2112/SI81-011.1
Received: 2 October 2017; Accepted: 2 January 2018; Published: 1 September 2018
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