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1 May 2018 Evaluation of Mixing and Stratification in an Estuary of Korea
Nam-Hoon Kim, Jin Hwan Hwang, Kim Dong Hyeon
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Kim, N.-H.; Hwang, J.H., and Kim, D.H., 2018. Evaluation of Mixing and Stratification in an Estuary of Korea. In: Shim, J.-S.; Chun, I., and Lim, H.S. (eds.), Proceedings from the International Coastal Symposium (ICS) 2018 (Busan, Republic of Korea). Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 85, pp. 96–100. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.

In the estuary, flow structures depend on the relative contributions of the tidal current and the released freshwater, which determine the mixing and the stratification. To understand how artificially discharged freshwater affect the flow structure in an estuary of Korea, flow velocities, temperature, and salinity were measured in the field. During the field campaign, discharged freshwater cyclically forms the stratified layers during ebb tide and relatively well mixed water column during flood tide as in the conventional estuarine process. The gradient Richardson number evaluated such cyclic patterns quantitatively with the field measurement data, which were sampled following the tidal cycle and after the release of freshwater. In the early stage of the freshwater discharge, stratification dominates due to the large density difference, which overcomes the mixing by shear at the interface. As time goes on, the momentum of the released flow weakened and tidal modulation becomes significant and the discharged freshwater advected back and forth along the tidal currents. Different from the conventional mixing during flood, the stratification breaks down not by vertical mixing caused by the shear generated turbulence but by the vertical advection in the front of the gate.

©Coastal Education and Research Foundation, Inc. 2018
Nam-Hoon Kim, Jin Hwan Hwang, and Kim Dong Hyeon "Evaluation of Mixing and Stratification in an Estuary of Korea," Journal of Coastal Research 85(sp1), 96-100, (1 May 2018).
Received: 30 November 2017; Accepted: 10 February 2018; Published: 1 May 2018
gradient Richardson number
line measurement
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