Chang, J.-I.; Choi, H.-J., and Choi, S., 2018. Challenges of Coastal Use Fee and Levy System in Korea. In: Shim, J.-S.; Chun, I., and Lim, H.S. (eds.), Proceedings from the International Coastal Symposium (ICS) 2018 (Busan, Republic of Korea). Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 85, pp. 1511–1515. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
Economic incentives in coastal management aim to prevent a coastal zone from being damaged or abused by the activities of specific users, and to induce socio-economically sustainable use of the coastal zone. The Korean marine environment budget was about 200 billion KRW in 2015, but the amount collected annually through marine environmental levies was only 8 billion KRW (by the income of the fisheries development fund in 2014). The levied amount from coastal users is significantly lower than the negative external effects (such as environmental damage) caused by marine use. Therefore, it is necessary to improve the use fee and levy system such that it can contribute to a socially desirable marine utilization level and secure finance for governmental coastal management. The performances and problems of the current coastal use fee and levy system in Korea were analyzed through case studies over 10 years and advanced alternatives based on ecosystem services and regulatory efficiency were made. The results provide suggestions for the improvement of the present coastal use fee and levy system.