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This study represents the first comprehensive treatment of Kenyan myrmecofauna, which includes a faunal overview, the first species checklist for Kenya, a bibliography, illustrated accounts for all genera, and discussions on taxonomy and biogeography. The checklist is based on material collected from several important sampling localities and literature records. The main localities include Kakamega Forest, a tropical rainforest in Western Kenya, Mpala Research Centre, a savannah region in Laikipia, Central Kenya, and Arabuko Sokoke Forest, a coastal tropical dry forest. Currently, the country is known to hold 596 species and 63 genera from 12 subfamilies. The most diverse subfamilies are Myrmicinae (311 species, 26 genera), Formicinae (107 species, 12 genera), and Ponerinae (75 species, 10 genera). Additional collections from further localities will likely increase these counts and probably reach more than 650 species. Based on the examined material, the Kenyan ant fauna consists of distinct regional elements with different Zoogeographic affinities and minimal overlap.
Despite having a well-documented avifauna, some areas of Malawi, such as Vwaza Marsh Wildlife Reserve (986 km2), are still poorly known ornithologically. We spent 12 days in October 2009, before the wet season, and two days in November 2009, after the first rains, documenting the birds of Vwaza. We found six new species for the Reserve-red-chested flufftail, African pitta, African broadbill, African reed warbler, marsh tchagra, and dark-capped yellow warbler-and we recorded 56 new quadrat records, filling in distributional gaps in the Malawi bird atlas. Many of these records are documented with voucher specimens. Here we provide a complete list of the 394 species of birds known to occur in Vwaza Marsh Wildlife Reserve.
The sengis (elephant-shrews) of Mozambique are poorly known, especially the taxonomic status of the giant sengis, genus Rhynchocyon Currently, Rhynchocyon from Mozambique are thought to be chequered sengis, R. cirnei with specimens from the central coastal areas being placed in the subspecies R. c. cirnei, while the subspecific status of those from north-eastern areas has not been determined. To resolve this taxonomic ambiguity, we collected voucher specimens from north-eastern Mozambique. Based on a comparison of pelage patterns and colouration, features that are currently used to distinguish taxa in the genus Rhynchocyon, specimens from all of coastal Mozambique show minor variation, but are similar enough to indicate that they all are referable to R. c. cirnei.
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