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1 December 2016 Status and Behavioural Ecology of Sengis in the Boni-Dodori and Arabuko-Sokoke Forests, Kenya, Determined by Camera Traps
Rajan Amin, Bernard Risky Agwanda, Bernard Ogwoka, Tim Wacher
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Abstract

The biodiversity of northern coastal Kenya, east of the Tana River, is poorly understood because security problems and poor infrastructure have discouraged access to the area. However, the wooded areas in the region have great potential for harbouring endemic and rare species, including sengis or elephant-shrews (order Macroscelidea), especially giant sengis in the genus Rhynchocyon. Based on extensive camera-trap surveys of the Boni-Dodori forest, east of the Tana River near the Somalia border, and the Arabuko-Sokoke forest west of the Tana River, the goldenrumped sengi Rhynchocyon chrysopygus appears to be limited to the Arabuko-Sokoke area, while the giant sengi in the Boni-Dodori forest is different. The Boni-Dodori forest, the largest Kenyan coastal forest, with a potential forest and thicket area of at least 3000 km2 is likely to hold a significant number of Rhynchocyon, making it very important to sengi conservation. The study generated over 2700 images of giant sengi and 32 000 camera-trap images of soft-furred sengi in a total surveyed area of approximately 300 km2 providing the first detailed 24-hour behaviour data for the species. The circadian patterns have confirmed R. chrysopygus and Boni Rhynchocyon to be strictly diurnal while the soft-furred sengi were mostly nocturnal. Occupancy for Rhynchocyon was over 80 percent for both the Boni forest thicket and Arabuko-Sokoke Cynometra forest thicket. Occupancy and trapping rates for the soft-furred sengi were significantly higher for the Arabuko-Sokoke forest than the Boni-Dodori forest. It was not possible in the camera trap images to reliably differentiate between the two soft-furred sengi species, four-toed sengi Petrodromus tetradactylus and rufous sengi Elephantulus rufescens, known to occur in the area.

Rajan Amin, Bernard Risky Agwanda, Bernard Ogwoka, and Tim Wacher "Status and Behavioural Ecology of Sengis in the Boni-Dodori and Arabuko-Sokoke Forests, Kenya, Determined by Camera Traps," Journal of East African Natural History 105(2), 223-235, (1 December 2016). https://doi.org/10.2982/028.105.0203
Published: 1 December 2016
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
abundance
activity pattern
distribution
elephant-shrew
Macroscelidea
Rhynchocyon
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