Three on-farm sites in Iroquois County, IL, each containing an adjacent 16.2-ha commercial production maize, Zea mays L., and soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., field, were monitored for western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), adults from June through September 1999–2001. Mean captures of D. v. virgifera adults as measured with Pherocon AM yellow sticky traps were significantly greater in maize than in soybean. Overall mean numbers of D. v. virgifera adults captured with vial traps were significantly greater in soybean than in maize. Emergence cage data revealed that after 50% emergence of D. v. virgifera adults occurred, peak captures of D. v. virgifera adults occurred in maize as measured with vial and Pherocon AM traps. After maize reached the R2 (blister stage, 10–14 d after silking) stage of development and 90% emergence of D. v. virgifera adults had occurred, peak captures of D. v. virgifera adults were observed in soybean by using vial and Pherocon AM traps. Also, after maize reached the R2 stage of development, numbers of females significantly increased in soybean and decreased in maize. Captures of female D. v. virgifera adults frequently exceeded published economic thresholds in soybean, regardless of trap type used. Estimated survival of variant D. v. virgifera (egg to adult) in these commercial rotated maize fields was 10.7 and 9.4% from 1999 to 2000 and from 2000 to 2001, respectively. This compares with nonvariant D. v. virgifera survival estimates in continuous maize production systems in Iowa of 6.7 and 11% from 1983 to 1984 and from 1984 to 1985, respectively.
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Vol. 100 • No. 4