The efficacy of 3M Sprayable Pheromone for Grape Berry Moth, BASF RAK 1R pheromone dispensers, Isomate GBM pheromone dispensers, and an insecticide program were compared during two seasons for controlling grape berry moth, Endopiza viteana (Clemens), in Niagara peninsula, Ontario, Canada, vineyards. The average number of E. viteana captured in pheromone-baited traps in plots treated with BASF RAK 1R and Isomate GBM dispensers was reduced by 90–100% compared with the average number captured in insecticide-treated plots, indicating a high level of mating disruption. By contrast, there was no difference in the number of moths captured in plots treated with sprayable pheromone and in plots treated with insecticide during the second flight of 1999, suggesting that the sprayable pheromone did not affect the mate-seeking ability of male moths. During the third flight of 1999, and the three flights of 2000, however, the average number of E. viteana captured in plots treated with sprayable pheromone was reduced by 50–99% compared with the average number captured in insecticide-treated blocks, indicating a moderate-to-high level of mating disruption. There was no detectable difference in feeding injury to grape clusters when E. viteana was controlled using two application rates of a sprayable pheromone formulation, two hand-applied pheromone dispensers, or a conventional, insecticide-control program. The disparity between estimated disruption and crop damage in plots treated with sprayable pheromone during the second flight of 1999 suggests that pheromone-baited traps may not provide a reliable estimate of the level of mating disruption when using sprayable pheromone.
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Vol. 100 • No. 6